Chap 4 part 2 - Geography of Global Village Latin...

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Geography of Global Village Latin America (Contd.) GEOG 202-507 Latin America: Cultural Patterns European “encounter” with American civilizations Native populations: 47M in 1500, 10% by 1650 Demographic toll: disease, war, collapse of food production Survival: Mexico, Guatemala, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia Territorial claims Political mobilization LAND has been key to survival Indians are trying to secure recognized territory Ethnic blend: mestizo (mixed Indian and European ancestry); also European, African, and Indian Latin America: Cultural Patterns • Language: – Language of the colonizer: 1/3 Portuguese, 2/3 Spanish – Indigenous languages: 10M Quechua and Aymara speakers 4M Guarani speakers 6-8M speakers of Mayan languages
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525M people: 1/3 Portuguese, 2/3 Spanish 10M Quechua and Aymara speakers (Central Andes of Peru, Bolivia and southern Ecuador) 4M Guarani speakers (Paraguay and lowland Bolivia) 6-8M speakers of Mayan languages (Southern Mexico and Guatemala) Latin America: Cultural patterns Blended Religions Catholicism with other religions practices 90 percent Roman Catholic Protestants can be found in El Salvador and Uruguay Indigenous or African religions Syncretic religion = Animist + Christianity Latin America: Geopolitics Iberian conquest Spain + Portugal barb2right Tordesillas (1493-1494) – Spain Aggressive early settlement from Caribbean colonies into Mexico and Andes (silver resources) Break-up and independence by early C19 – Portugal Limited to coastal Brazil until C17, then interior settlement No break-up; colony barb2right empire barb2right republic (1889)
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1650 Spanish colony grows quickly from C15 Caribbean base Portuguese colony limited to coast, then expansion inland “Unexplored” – Amazon – Patagonia
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