Chap 4 part 2

Chap 4 part 2 - Geography of Global Village Latin America...

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Geography of Global Village Latin America (Contd.) GEOG 202-507 Latin America: Cultural Patterns • European “encounter” with American civilizations • Native populations: – 47M in 1500, 10% by 1650 – Demographic toll: disease, war, collapse of food production – Survival: Mexico, Guatemala, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia • Territorial claims • Political mobilization – LAND has been key to survival – Indians are trying to secure recognized territory – Ethnic blend: mestizo (mixed Indian and European ancestry); also European, African, and Indian Latin America: Cultural Patterns • Language: – Language of the colonizer: 1/3 Portuguese, 2/3 Spanish – Indigenous languages: • 10M Quechua and Aymara speakers • 4M Guarani speakers • 6-8M speakers of Mayan languages
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525M people: 1/3 Portuguese, 2/3 Spanish 10M Quechua and Aymara speakers (Central Andes of Peru, Bolivia and southern Ecuador) 4M Guarani speakers (Paraguay and lowland Bolivia) 6-8M speakers of Mayan languages (Southern Mexico and Guatemala) Latin America: Cultural patterns Blended Religions • Catholicism with other religions practices – 90 percent Roman Catholic – Protestants can be found in El Salvador and Uruguay • Indigenous or African religions • Syncretic religion = Animist + Christianity Latin America: Geopolitics • Iberian conquest – Spain + Portugal b Tordesillas (1493-1494) – Spain • Aggressive early settlement from Caribbean colonies into Mexico and Andes (silver resources) • Break-up and independence by early C19 – Portugal • Limited to coastal Brazil until C17, then interior settlement • No break-up; colony b empire b republic (1889)
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1650 Spanish colony grows quickly from C15 Caribbean base Portuguese colony limited to coast, then expansion inland “Unexplored” – Amazon – Patagonia Latin America: Geopolitics
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Chap 4 part 2 - Geography of Global Village Latin America...

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