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DESEGREGATION - Nur Kanawati DESEGREGATION 1 2 3 4 5 Which...

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Nur Kanawati DESEGREGATION: 1. Which executive order issued by President Truman provided for “equality of treatment and opportunity in the armed forces without regard to race, color, religion or national origin”? President Truman issued two executive orders. One of them provided for “equality of treatment and opportunity in the armed forces without regard to race, color, religion or national origin.” It was Executive Order 9981: Desegregation of the Armed Forces. 2. Discuss why this was important. It was important because at that time the United States was fighting WWII. African American and Native American were able to show great heroism during the war. 3. Describe the results of the “doll test” which Kenneth Bancroft Clark and Mamie Phipps Clark administered in 1940. Kennith and Mamia Clark conducted a great experiment that showed the effect of racism on African American children. The results of this experiment showed that black children would rather play with white dolls, because white dolls were prettier. 4. How did the Clark doll study impact the Brown v. Board of Education case? After the experiment the Clarks were witnesses in the famous Brown v. Board of Education U.S Supreme Court case that ruled racial segregation unconstitutional. 5. Who was Thurgood Marshall?
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Thurgood Marshall was the first African American to be on the Supreme Court of the United States.
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