Archaic Greece, birth of Polis lecture notes

Archaic Greece, birth of Polis lecture notes - Birth of the...

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Birth of the polis The polis is the Greek city state Their main living unit Consists of the town center and surrounding countryside Independent Own form of government Each polis minted its own coins Each had own political system The Isolation of the polis was aided by geography Citizens in the Greek world were free born, male natives of the polis There were differences from polis to polis of who is considered a citizen A person’s identity was linked to their city-state Gods seen as interfering in human affairs Because of this people tried to sway the gods Each city state practiced a similar religion of the Olympian gods Each state usually associated with a particular god Athena is the goddesses who is patron of Athens Her temple is the Parthenon Her story emphasizes the importance of olive oil to the polis Colonization to create new cities in foreign places
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Retained Greek culture Kept close cultural and religious ties to Greece Were politically independent but had ties to the mother polis Located on the water Remained active Interacted with local population Pockets of Greek culture and ideals Over 200 new colonies created Colonies near forests were important in the boat building process Chattel slavery Slave is property of individual Become a slave in three ways Born of a slave Horrible debt causes one to sell themselves into slavery Conquest Exposure An unwanted child would be exposed to the will of the gods by being abandoned at temples or religious sanctuaries Most died If an exposed child was found they became slaves Suicide Not considered a crime
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It was seen as a way of giving oneself over to the fate of the gods Sparta Lycurgus is the legendary law giver who came up with the rules and structure of the Spartan military oligarchy Oligarchy 2 kings Functioned as kings and military leaders One in the field and one in Sparta Ruled with consent of a council Gerousia Had to be 60 or older An elected kingship
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Archaic Greece, birth of Polis lecture notes - Birth of the...

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