Golden Age Greece and the Wars lecture notes

Golden Age Greece and the Wars lecture notes - Golden Age...

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Unformatted text preview: Golden Age Greece and the Wars Persians Geography Region between Caspian Sea and Persian Gulf Present day I r an Persians are Ind0-European Linguistically have more in common with the Greeks then with the Hebrews, Egyptians, Babylonians and Assyrians Mountainous area Rainfall Gets cold The people that migrated to the region were coming in as herders Famous for horse breeding Political System I nitially lived in separate tribal units Cyrus is the Persian King who is able to unit the tribes under his rule Partly through conquest Unification through treaties Father of Persian Empire Great war r iors Used horse and chariot Created the first empire of the west Entered Mesopotamia Conquered the Babylonian empire Chaldean Babylonians had previously conquered the Hebrews, Judah, and the Assyrians Instead of enslaving conquered peoples the Persians reach agreements to allow self- governing at a local level They installed Persian governors to oversee the conquered territories Persians collected taxes from the people they conquered Great administrators and tax collectors The Hebrew slaves were freed The Persians allow them to return to their homeland and to rebuild the temple Temple rebuilt This period is called the 2 nd temple period At the local level the Jewish communities ruled themselves Paid taxes to Persians and were under Persian control Allowed conquered people to practice their own religion Some of the writings in the Jewish bible were written at this time Persian army also consisted of Hebrews and Babylonians people they had conquered Capital originally in Sosa Built extensive road system Used road system to connect territories Royal road from Susa to Sardis Sardis where money was stored Two main products moved along the road system Money (taxes) Troop movement As Empire expands into Asia Minor the Persians come into contact with the Greeks Persian kings were all powerful and absolute rulers but they were not gods Cyrus portrayed himself differently from other conquerors Religion Zoroastrianism Dualistic in nature Textbook says an example of monotheism Ahura Mazda is the main god who is locked in an eternal conflict with an evil god Life is an eternal battle between the powers of Ahura Mazda, the god of light and creation and all that is good with the evil god Humans were to follow and assist Ahura Mazda Ahura Mazda is the god of light and power while the evil god is god of darkness Alters were fire alters Zoroastrianism was not a form of fire worship but fire was an important element because it symbolizes burning goodness of Ahura Mazda There is the notion that the eternal battle will end and Ahura Mazda will t riumph and its followers will be rewarded Has an impact on Christianity and Islam Darius was the first king to promote this as the sole religion of the Persians Darius says he was granted the kingdom from the god Darius builds a new capital city at Persepolis The palace consisted of materials, craftsmanship, and art from the different places across...
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2010 for the course HIST 1001 taught by Professor Sheehan during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Golden Age Greece and the Wars lecture notes - Golden Age...

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