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Unformatted text preview: Herodotus 484-420 BC Greek writer of The History of the Persian Wars Used the word historian- translates as investigation, research, questioning The investigations of the Persian Wars Researching evidence from the past History- Inquiry Sources Primary Source- something that comes from the actual time period ( account, item, piece of evidence) Secondary Source- writing something that occurred in the past, historian interpreting history and writing about it Types of Evidence In one civilization or time period, there may be hundreds of different pieces of evidence; therefore historians have different opinions based on what type of evidence they are studying. Different questions can also be raised about the same piece of evidence There is no single history of the past, there are many New evidence changes interpretations Types of History Political, Social. Intellectual, Cultural, Institutional, Gender, Religious, Economic, History of Science, Legal, Military HOW TO READ A PRIMARY SOURCE (USE THIS METHOD ON SOURCEBOOK PASSAGES) Level One Who wrote the passage? o (sometimes author is not known) o What can I guess? When was it written? o Know chronology over exact dates What type of document is it? o Law code, love letter Main Storyline o What the source is about and what its saying Level Two Intended audience o Who was it written to? Why was it written? o What are some of the assumptions made in the source? Level Three * dont forget this part!! Can I believe this document? o Forgeries, evidence of craziness, are assumptions valid? Analyze more. What can I learn about this society? How does source relate to context? o How it relates to life in that particular ancient period Dating Systems Year of kings rule -Dating systems in early societies have to do with year of kings rule Olympic Years-kept track of years by Olympic Games, keeping track of some individuals rule doesnt always work Significant Events-some crucial event occurred to mark the beginning of their calendar Jewish calendar -Anno Mundi, AM 5771 (marking beginning of time)-According to Hebrew there was a clear beginning; Genesis marks the beginning of time -Jewish calendar marks in the beginning because they believe in the beginning of time Islamic Calendar- Anno Hegirae, AH 1430 (In Islamic word this is the year)- Keeping track of time is relative to a sp ecific culture or civilization Christian Calendar- Anno Domini, AD 2010 ( the ye ar of the Lord)- Also called CE for Com mon Era (used instead of AD so m etim es)- The ye ar 10 BC is not as far away as 1000 BC the bigger the nu mb ers, the farther in t p ast they are- AD=CE (Com mon Era)- BC = BCE (Before Com mon Era)- 600/ 700 years AD time dating syste m begins being us ed (traditional d at e of b eginnin the world)- Fifth Century = 400s, either AD or BC What is Western Civilization?...
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2010 for the course HIST 1001 taught by Professor Sheehan during the Spring '08 term at LSU.
- Spring '08