History_1001[1]-1 - TEST 1 What is History a Most describe...

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TEST 1 What is History? a. Most describe history as all the stuff that has happened in the past, Academic pursuit of history is different than the previous definition. b. History is something active, something that you do and experience c. Herodotus i. He is the father of history ii. He wrote "The History of the Persian Wars" in the 5th century B.C. which described the Greek and Persian Wars iii. Herodotus stared the birth of the pursuit of action and history d. Historian in the idea of inquiry, investigation and questioning to understand; Many times the title of Herodotus' book is translated as "The Inquiry into the Persian Wars" e. Historians investigate, analyze, and question the past and interpret it 2. Sources a. Primary Sources: a firsthand account b. Secondary Source: a second hand account; you write about something that someone else experienced and they shared their account with you c. Evidence: any documents, clothing, material physical or documental goods 3. Types of History a. Political b. Social c. Intellectual d. Cultural e. Institutional f. Women/Gender g. Religious h. Economic i. History of Science j. Legal k. Military 4. How to Read Primary Sources a. Level One i. Who wrote it ii. When was it written iii. What type of a document was it--Ex: poetry, letter iv. Main story line--what is the point; what are they trying to get across b. Level Two i. Intended audience: who is it suppose to address, goes along with type of document ii. Why was it written iii. What are assumptions behind source--what assumptions can you make c. Level Three i. Can I believe this document--is this a valid source; is the person lying ii. What can I learn about the society/person who created this document--what kind of a history can I write about this time period iii. How does it relate to its context--Ex: only at LSU, 2007, LA, USA, Baton Rouge can the assumptions about history now be valid when compare or describing society or persons; don't jump to the universal blanketing from one source 5. Dating Systems
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a. Year of Kings Rule--a way of dating time by a king's rule--Ex: I was born in the 4th year of king Pat b. Olympics Years--Ex: I had my baby in year 3 of the Athens Olympics c. Significant Events d. Jewish Calendar--has linear history--Anno Mundi, AM 5767 starts with "and in the beginning of time God created Heaven and Hell" e. Islamic Calendar--Anno Hegira, AD 1384 starts with Mohammed's journey to Mecca f. Christian Calendar--Anno Domini, AD 2007 starts with the birth of Christ; this dating system didn't become popular until 600-700 A.D. g. A.D. =C.E. B.C. =B.C.E. h. 5th century= 400s, either A.D. or B.C. 1. Ancient Near East Civilizations a. Civilization is characterized by cities, language, structure, culture b. 10,000-9,000 B.C. hunter gatherers roamed the Earth c. 8,500 B.C. people initially settle down, domesticate animals, and start farming d. 8,000 B.C Jericho is the considered the earliest and first city of domesticated people e. 6,000 B.C. Catal Huyuk is another early city f. All of these early civilizations are evidenced by material goods. There were no written documents in these early civilizations 2. Mesopotamia (present day Iraq)
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