Minoan and Mycenaean Greece lecture notes

Minoan and Mycenaean Greece lecture notes - Homer Poet...

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Homer Poet Iliad and odyssey Set his stories in the distant past Greeks and later Romans believed his stories had actually occurred At some point in the 18 th century people realized these stories were just fantasy Heinrich Schliemann Born in 1822 German Middle class His father was a merchant and heavy drinker causing bankruptcy He is pulled out of school He taught himself of the ancient Greek civilizations Traveled to northern Russia trying to earn a living Became a successful businessman In 1850 he travels to California He sells the supplies the miners need and facilitates the purchases of their gold and traded his goods and supplies He becomes extremely wealthy Looked for a quick buck He divorces his first wife, travels to Greece and marries a 17 year old
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Schliemann’s Search for Troy He traveled to Greece to search for Troy by using the Iliad This was the equivalent of someone using harry potter to find Hogwarts Using Homer and the locals as a guide, he located a hill side that seemed to be in the perfect position He hires hundreds of Turkish workers and they started to dig This is before Archeology became a true profession He finds walls after digging In 1876 as the men are digging he decides to go out and dig as well and he finds golden treasure he thinks it is the gold of King Priam that he had hidden from the Greeks King Priam is king of Troy in Homer He finds evidence that the city he was unearthing had been burned Historians believe he did find Troy In his attempts he destroyed what he found When Schliemann was still met with doubt from scholars he vowed to find the other civilizations described by Homer He then finds Mycenae It was a small compact city with massive walls Like troy it was up in the hills He comes across 19 graves of people buried with weapons and gold He found a golden death mask He believed it to be the mask of Agamemnon It was later discovered that the mask did not date to the correct time for it to be the mask of Agamemnon
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Recently it is believed that the treasures that Schliemann had found especially the ones in Troy he had purchased from grave robbers The evidence of Homer was no longer just a fantasy because there was physical evidence of these powerful civilizations existing between 500-1000 years before Homer Scholars begin to take Schliemann seriously One of these scholars was an oxford professor named Sir Author Evans Sir Author Evans People brought him artifacts from their travels asking him to identify them and to see if they were worth anything He was faced with pieces that he did not recognize After Schliemann’s discoveries, Evans was interested to see if these artifacts had come from a lost civilization He chose to search on Crete because many of the unusual artifacts had come from the island In the center of Crete there was a city named Knossos
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2010 for the course HIST 1001 taught by Professor Sheehan during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Minoan and Mycenaean Greece lecture notes - Homer Poet...

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