Psyc disorders

Psyc disorders

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Unformatted text preview: Psychological Disorders Psychological Disorders Psychopathology Psychopathology Patterns of thinking and behaving that are maladaptive, disruptive, or uncomfortable for the person affected or for those with whom he or she comes in contact Perspectives on Abnormality Perspectives on Abnormality Medical perspective ­ Suggests symptoms of abnormal behavior are rooted in Physiological causes Psychoanalytic perspective ­ Views abnormal behavior as stemming from childhood conflicts over opposing wishes regarding sex and aggression Behavioral perspective ­ View abnormal behavior as a learned response Perspectives on Abnormality Con’t Perspectives on Abnormality Con’t _Cognitive_ perspective ­ Assumes that cognitions (people’s thoughts and beliefs) are central to a person’s abnormal behavior Humanistic perspective ­ Emphasize the responsibility that people have for their own behavior, even when such behavior is seen as abnormal Sociocultural perspective ­ Makes the assumption that people’s behavior – both normal and abnormal – is shaped by the kind of family group, society, and culture The Diathesis Stress Model The DSM­IV Classification System DSM­IV Person is evaluated on 5 dimensions, or axes Axis I: Diagnosed mental disorder Axis II: Personality disorders or mental retardation Axis III: Medical conditions relevant to person’s mental or behavioral problems Axis IV: Experienced difficulties important for understanding social, environmental, and cult...
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