Topic #3 B - Practice and Belief Part Two The Functioning...

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12/2/10 Practice and Belief Part Two The Functioning of the Body
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12/2/10 The Functioning of the Body Beliefs about how the body functions usually deal with one or more of interrelated aspects of the body. For example, its inner workings The effects of diet, environment, and other outside influences The nature of the by-products of the body’s functioning.
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12/2/10 The Healthy Working of the Body Lay theories of health focused on maintaining balance: To a variable extent, this balance is dependent on external forces such as diet, environment, or supernatural beings Most widespread and ancient is the humoral theory
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12/2/10 Roots in ancient China and India Elaborated into a system of medicine by Hippocrates, born in 460 BC. Body consists of four liquids or humors: Blood Phlegm Yellow Bile Black Bile
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12/2/10 Diet and environment could affect this balance; as could season of the year Treatment for imbalance consisted of restoring optimal proportion of humors by removing excess— bleeding, purging, vomiting, starvation, or replacing deficiency (special diets, medicines). Also included a system of personality types, based on predominance of one
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12/2/10 Sanguine (excess blood) Phlegmatic (excess phlegm)
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Topic #3 B - Practice and Belief Part Two The Functioning...

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