Nozick Notes - Libertarians like Nozick object that the...

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Libertarians like Nozick object that the Difference Principle involves unacceptable infringements on liberty. For instance, the Difference Principle may require redistributive taxation to the poor, and Libertarians commonly object that such taxation involves the immoral taking of just holdings. (See SEP article on Distributive Justice) Nozick's 3-part "Entitlement Theory" If the world were wholly just, the following inductive definition would exhaustively cover the subject of justice in holdings: a. A person who acquires a holding in accordance with the principle of justice in acquisition is entitled to that holding. b. A person who acquires a holding in accordance with the principle of justice in transfer , from someone else entitled to the holding, is entitled to the holding. c. No one is entitled to a holding except by (repeated) applications of (a) and (b). The complete principle of distributive justice would say simply that a distribution is just if everyone is entitled to the holdings they possess under the distribution. (p.151) “Things come into the world already attached to people having entitlements over them.” (p. 160) Patterned Distributions (pp. 156-159) Many believe the task of a theory of distributive justice is to fill in the blank “to each according to his _____” Difference Principle: “position among the least advantaged” Other answers: “moral merit,” “usefulness to society,” “need,” etc.
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