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After Midterm 2 01/11/2010 13:04:00  NAOLittlest Human (AE Article 30) H. floriensis:  o Species can decrease in size when the environment is really restricted just so they  can survive better o Morphology from H. erectus Disease, nutrition abnormality that could be possibly causing them to be so small “Java Man” Eugene DuBois in Indonesia (Solo River) in 1891. Lived about 700,000 years ago.  “Pithecanthropus erectus” Upright Ape Man More “Pithecanthropus,” from Sangiran also Indonesia (>1.5 mya?) Homo Erectus 1.8 mya to 250Kya First hominid to leave Africa (Dmanisi, Soviet Georgia), first to use fire, first to make shelters  Zhougoudian (formerly chou kou tien), China 400,000 ya Site of discovery of Peking Man “Peking Man,” vs. modern human erectus: widest skull point below the ear canal modern: in the middle Homo erectus/ergaster (most primitive h. erectus’ in E. Africa)
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1. Cranial capacity about 900 cm^3 2. Cranium dolichocephalic (long and flat) 3. brow ridges 4. Sagittal keel (not crest) Sites: Africa: Olduvai, Bodo, Broken Hill o Europe: Dmanisi (first site outside Africa at 1.7 mya), Swanscombe, Steinheim,  Montmaur o Asia: Java (Trinil), China (zhoukoudian) Nariokotome Boy H. Erectus teenage boy 1.6 mya incredibly complete skeleton Dmanisi, Republic of Georgio Homo ergaster 1.7 mya first out of Africa Aechulean tool industry Hand axe Cleaver E. Asian H. Erectus = no evidence of tool use Hand axe was around for a long time Homo antecessor Spain Human Brain Broca’s area – temporal lobe, language processing Wernicke’s area – speech processing center Triune Brain Marcellin Boule 1913 – misinterpretation of neandertal remains La Chapelle aux Saints, France, discovered 1908
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01/11/2010 13:04:00 Fossil Records
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Earliest modern H. sapiens o Herto, Ethiopia o 160,000 ya o And Kibish, Ethiopia o 195,000 ya o Tim White,  o Giday Woldegabriel o Berhane Asfaw o 2003 Homo floresiensis o “The Hobbit” o Liang Bua Cave o Flores, Indonesia o 18,000 ya o Peter Brown, 2004 o A primitive island dwarf species, or a deformed modern human?? Used stone tools,  hunted dwarf elephants, Komodo dragons Upper Paleolithic People (the newer stone age) o Lascaux Cave, France (10 – 15,000 ya) o Altamira cave, spain Venus figurines – Upper Paleothic
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o Super abundant, very similar everywhere (women’s bodies) Modern Humans Hunter-gatherers:
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2010 for the course ANTH 200 taught by Professor Stanford during the Spring '08 term at USC.

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