Psychology_and_your_Life_Ch07

Psychology_and_your_Life_Ch07 - chapter 10 psychological...

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psychological 10 chapter 386
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387 Angelo, a research scientist working at an American university, was walking home from the laboratory when, all of a sudden, he heard two voices in his head. “It was like hearing thoughts in my mind that were not mine,” he explained recently. “They identified them- selves as Andrew and Oliver, two angels. In my mind’s eye, I could see an image of a bald, middle-aged man dressed in white against a white background. This, I was told, was Oliver.” What the angels said, to Ange- lo’s horror, was that in the coming days, he would die of a brain hemorrhage. Terrified, Angelo hurried home and locked himself into his apartment. For three long days he waited out his fate. (Smith, 2007, p. 50) Voices of Angels Angelo was losing his grip on reality. It turned out that he was suffering from schizophrenia, one of the more severe psychological disorders. Although drug treatments eventually stilled the voices that ran through his head, his experience raises several questions. What caused his disorder? Were genetic fac- tors involved, or were stressors in his life primarily responsible? Were there signs that family and friends should have noticed earlier? Could his schizophrenia have been prevented? And, more generally, how do we distinguish normal from abnormal behavior, and how can Angelo’s behavior be categorized and clas- sified in such a way as to pinpoint the specific nature of his problem? We address the issues raised by Angelo’s case in this set of modules. First we discuss the difference between normal and abnormal behavior, which can be surprisingly indistinct. We then examine the most significant kinds of psychological disorders. Finally, we’ll consider ways of evaluating behavior— one’s own and that of others—to determine whether seeking help from a mental health professional is warranted.± ahead l o o k i n g ±chapter±outline± disorders m o d u l e 3 3 Normal versus Abnormal: Making the Distinction ±Defining±Abnormality± Perspectives on Abnormality: From Superstition to Science Classifying Abnormal Behavior: The ABCs of DSM 3 4 The Major Psychological Disorders ±Anxiety±Disorders± ±Try±It!± How Anxious Are You? ±Somatoform±Disorders± ±Dissociative±Disorders± ±Mood±Disorders± ±Schizophrenia± ±Personality±Disorders± Childhood Disorders Other Disorders 3 5 Psychological Disorders in Perspective Prevalence of Psychological Disorders: The Mental State of the Union The Social and Cultural Context of Psychological Disorders ±Exploring±Diversity:± DSM and Culture—and the Culture of DSM Becoming an Informed Consumer of Psychology: Deciding When You Need Help ±Psychology±on±the±Web± The Case of . . . Nancy Christopher, the “Crazy Cat Lady” ±Full±Circle:±Psychological±Disorders±
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388 Chapter 10 psychological disorders Normal versus Abnormal Making the Distinction learning outcomes 33.1 Define abnormality.
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Psychology_and_your_Life_Ch07 - chapter 10 psychological...

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