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Psychology_and_your_Life_Ch11

Psychology_and_your_Life_Ch11 - chapter 11 treatment of...

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428 treatment of 11 chapter chapter outline module 36 Psychotherapy: Psychodynamic, Behavioral, and Cognitive Approaches to Treatment Psychodynamic Approaches to Therapy Behavioral Approaches to Therapy Cognitive Approaches to Therapy module 37 Psychotherapy: Humanistic and Group Approaches to Treatment Humanistic Therapy Interpersonal Therapy Group Therapy, Family Therapy, and Self-Help Groups Evaluating Psychotherapy: Does Therapy Work? Exploring Diversity: Racial and Ethnic Factors in Treatment: Should Therapists Be Color-Blind? module 38 Biomedical Therapy: Biological Approaches to Treatment Drug Therapy Try It! What Are Your Attitudes Toward Patient Rights? Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) Biomedical Therapies in Perspective Community Psychology: Focus on Prevention Becoming an Informed Consumer of Psychology: Choosing the Right Therapist Psychology on the Web The Case of . . . Tony Scarpetta, the Man Who Couldn’t Relax Full Circle: Treatment of Psychological Disorders
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429 The procedure that has brought together these very fearful flyers for their first trip on an airplane is just one of many approaches used to treat psychological disorders. Although treatment can take dozens of different approaches, ranging from one-meeting informal counseling sessions to long-term drug ther- apy to behavioral treatments such as the anxious airline passengers are experiencing, all the approaches have a common objective: the relief of psychological disorders, with the ultimate aim of enabling indi- viduals to achieve richer, more meaningful, and more fulfilling lives. Despite their diversity, approaches to treating psychological disorders fall into two main categories: psychologically based and biologically based therapies. Psychologically based therapy, or psychotherapy, is treatment in which a trained professional—a therapist—uses psychological techniques to help some- one overcome psychological difficulties and disorders, resolve problems in living, or bring about per- sonal growth. In psychotherapy, the goal is to produce psychological change in a person (called a “client” or “patient”) through discussions and interactions with the therapist. In contrast, biomedical therapy relies on drugs and medical procedures to improve psychological functioning. As we describe the various approaches to therapy, keep in mind that although the distinctions may seem clear-cut, the classifications and procedures overlap a good deal. In fact, many therapists today use a variety of methods with an individual patient, taking an eclectic approach to therapy. Assuming that both psychological and biological processes often produce psychological disorders, eclectic thera- pists may draw from several perspectives simultaneously to address both the psychological and the bio- logical aspects of a person’s problems (Goin, 2005; Berman, Jobes, & Silverman, 2006).
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