annurev.psych.Lachman2004

annurev.psych.Lachman2004 - Annu. Rev. Psychol. 2004....

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Unformatted text preview: Annu. Rev. Psychol. 2004. 55:305–31 doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.55.090902.141521 Copyright c 2004 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved First published online as a Review in Advance on October 27, 2003 D EVELOPMENT IN M IDLIFE Margie E. Lachman Psychology Department, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts 02454; email: [email protected] Key Words biopsychosocial changes, generativity, health and well-being, middle age, sense of control, work/family balance ■ Abstract The midlife period in the lifespan is characterized by a complex inter- play of multiple roles. The goal of this chapter is to summarize research findings on the central themes and salient issues of midlife such as balancing work and family respon- sibilities in the midst of the physical and psychological changes associated with aging. The field of midlife development is emerging in the context of large demographic shifts in the population. A section on the phenomenology of midlife development presents images and expectations including the seemingly disparate views of midlife as a time of peak functioning and a period of crisis. Conceptual frameworks useful for study- ing the multiple patterns of change in midlife are presented. Findings demonstrating patterns of gains and losses are reviewed for multiple domains: cognitive functioning, personality and the self, emotions, social relationships, work, and physical health. The need for future research to illuminate and integrate the diverse aspects of midlife is highlighted. CONTENTS THE EMERGING FIELD OF MIDLIFE DEVELOPMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307 DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308 The Baby Boom Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308 PHENOMENOLOGY OF MIDLIFE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 310 Subjective Age . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 310 Images and Expectations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 312 Salient Issues in Midlife . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313 The Midlife Crisis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORKS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315 SELECTED STUDIES OF MIDLIFE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 317 MULTIPLE PATTERNS OF CHANGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318 Cognitive Functioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318 Personality and the Self . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .....
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This note was uploaded on 12/02/2010 for the course PSYCH PSY BEH P2 taught by Professor Susanturkcharles during the Fall '10 term at UC Irvine.

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annurev.psych.Lachman2004 - Annu. Rev. Psychol. 2004....

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