Erickson+et+al.++2010 - Human Relations...

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http://hum.sagepub.com/ Human Relations http://hum.sagepub.com/content/63/7/955 The online version of this article can be found at: DOI: 10.1177/0018726709353138 2010 63: 955 originally published online 9 April 2010 Human Relations Jenet Jacob Erickson, Giuseppe Martinengo and E Jeffrey Hill stage Putting work and family experiences in context: Differences by family life Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com On behalf of: The Tavistock Institute can be found at: Human Relations Additional services and information for http://hum.sagepub.com/cgi/alerts Email Alerts: http://hum.sagepub.com/subscriptions Subscriptions: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsReprints.nav Reprints: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav Permissions: http://hum.sagepub.com/content/63/7/955.refs.html Citations: at UNIV CALIFORNIA IRVINE on September 22, 2010 hum.sagepub.com Downloaded from
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human relations human relations 63(7) 955–979 © The Author(s) 2010 Reprints and permission: sagepub. co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav DOI: 10.1177/0018726709353138 hum.sagepub.com Putting work and family experiences in context: Differences by family life stage Jenet Jacob Erickson Brigham Young University, USA Giuseppe Martinengo Brigham Young University, USA E Jeffrey Hill Brigham Young University, USA Abstract This study explores how individuals across six family life stages (before children, transition to parenthood, youngest child preschool-age, youngest child school-age, youngest child adolescent, and empty nest) differ in their experience of the work–family interface. Data come from a global IBM work and life issues survey ( N = 41,769). Structural equation modeling was used to compare employees from six family life stages on work role factors (job hours, job responsibility, job flexibility) and family role factors (household work hours, marital status), and their relationships to work–family conflict, family–work conflict, work–family fit and four personal success measures. Meaningful differences in the means and size of the relationships among variables across family life stages provided empirical evidence of a ‘life course’ for the work–family interface influenced by differential exposure and differential effects of work and family role demands. Keywords family life course, work–family conflict, work–family fit, work–family interface Research on the topic of work and family has increasingly revealed the need to move beyond explorations of work and family experiences at one point in time to explorations Corresponding author: Jenet Jacob Erickson, Brigham Young University, School of Family Life, 2061 JFSB, Orem, UT 84058, USA. Email: [email protected] at UNIV CALIFORNIA IRVINE on September 22, 2010 hum.sagepub.com Downloaded from
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956 Human Relations 63(7) of the dynamic relationships among work and family needs and resources across the life course (Moen and Sweet, 2004). Findings from a range of research studies suggest support for this perspective. Entering parenthood, for example, has been associated with dramatic changes in roles and responsibilities associated with caregiving that seem to transform work and family life (Kaufman and Uhlenberg, 2000). Across the intensive
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