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Ransford+et+al.++2008 - Community Work Family Vol 11 No 1...

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Implications of work pressure and supervisor support for fathers’, mothers’ and adolescents’ relationships and well-being in dual-earner families Carolyn R. Ransford a *, Ann C. Crouter b , and Susan M. McHale b a Research Triangle Institute, North Carolina, USA; b Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Pennsylvania State University, USA The present study investigates the implications of work pressure and supervisor support for individual psychosocial functioning, marital and parent ± adolescent relationships. We examined the effects of work pressure and supervisor support separately for mothers and fathers and their adolescent children (M ² 17.33 years) in 156 white working- and middle-class, dual-earner families. Results revealed when husbands reported high work pressure and low supervisor support, both parents reported higher levels of depressive symptoms. When wives were in the high pressure/low support group, they reported lower levels of marital love, and both spouses reported less marital satisfaction. When either parent was in the high pressure/low support group, both parents reported higher levels of role overload, and families experienced more conflict and less intimacy in their relationships with their children. Their children also reported higher levels of depressive symptoms. Results associated with parent and child depressive symptoms, however, varied by parent and child sex. Keywords: work pressure; supervisor support; depressive symptoms; marital relationships; parent-adolescent relationships La pre ´sente e ´tude examine les incidences de la pression subie au travail et du soutien apporte ´ par les chefs sur le fonctionnement psychosocial de l’individu, les relations conjugales et les relations entre parents et adolescents. Nous avons e ´tudie ´ se ´pare ´ment les re ´percussions de la pression subie au travail et du soutien apporte ´ par les chefs en ce qui concerne les me `res et les pe `res, et leurs enfants adolescents (M ² 17,33 ans) de 156 familles moyennes, blanches, et ou ` les deux parents travaillent. Les re ´sultats montrent que lorsque les maris signalaient une forte pression au travail et peu de soutien de la part du chef, les deux parents mentionnaient des sympto ˆmes de ´pressifs plus importants. Place ´es dans la me ˆme situation, les e ´pouses mentionnaient une baisse de l’amour conjugal et les deux conjoints se montraient moins satisfaits de leurs relations conjugales. Lorsque l’un ou l’autre parent se trouvait dans le groupe forte pression au travail et peu de soutien de la part du chef, les deux parents signalaient que leur ro ˆle respectif leur pesait davantage et que les familles connaissaient davantage de conflits et moins d’intimite ´ dans leurs relations avec leurs enfants. Leurs enfants signalaient e ´galement des sympto ˆmes de ´pressifs plus importants. Cependant, les re ´sultats associe ´s aux sympto ˆmes de ´pressifs des parents et des enfants variaient selon le sexe du parent et de l’enfant.
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