Week+5+optional+Goetz+et+al+2010 - Motiv Emot(2010 34:4962...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

ORIGINAL PAPER Antecedents of everyday positive emotions: An experience sampling analysis Thomas Goetz Anne C. Frenzel Heidrun Stoeger Nathan C. Hall Published online: 1 December 2009 Ó Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009 Abstract The focus of this study is on everyday positive emotions and their relations to critical appraisal anteced- ents. Following from classical appraisal theory and Pek- run’s ( 2006 ) control-value theory of achievement emotions, two research questions were addressed, namely whether cognitive appraisals of control and value were related to discrete positive emotions in everyday situations and whe- ther control and value antecedents interact in predicting these emotions. We further investigated whether control/ value and positive emotion relations changed as a function of situational factors (achievement vs. non-achievement settings). 50 university freshmen (78% female) were assessed by use of the experience sampling method for a period of 1 week, with intraindividual analyses conducted using a multilevel, idiographic approach. Consistent with our hypotheses, the emotions of enjoyment, pride, and contentment were positively related to control and value appraisals. Further, control and value interacted to predict these positive emotions. The strength of appraisal/positive emotion relations was equivalent across achievement vs. non-achievement settings. Implications for future research are discussed. Keywords Emotion Á Appraisal Á Control Á Value Á Enjoyment Á Pride Á Contentment Á Experience sampling method Introduction Positive emotion experiences are an important topic of investigation for multiple reasons. According to Pekrun et al. ( 2002b ), positive emotions ‘‘help to envision goals and challenges, open the mind to thoughts and problem- solving, protect health by fostering resiliency, create attachments to significant others, lay the groundwork for individual self-regulation, and guide the behaviour of groups, social systems, and nations’’ (p. 149). In the same vein, Fredrickson ( 2001 ) states that ‘‘positive emotions are worth cultivating, not just as end states in themselves but also as a means to achieving psychological growth and improved well-being over time’’ (p. 218; for positive emotions in the context of ‘‘Positive Psychology’’ see also Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi 2000 ). Given the clear relevance of positive emotions, the antecedents of these emotions represent an important avenue of research. More specifically, it is by examining why one experiences spe- cific positive emotions that ideas can be generated as to how to best foster positive affective experiences. We focus in the present study on cognitive appraisals as antecedents of emotions. The assumption that our percep- tion of events , rather than events themselves, impact our emotions has a long historical tradition dating back to the T. Goetz ( & ) University of Konstanz, Universitaetsstr. 10, 78457 Constance, Germany e-mail: [email protected] T. Goetz
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Fall '10
  • SusanTurkCharles
  • positive emotions, emotional experiences, Motiv Emot

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern