Week+6+optional+Sheldon+++Lyubomirsky++2006++increase+++sustain+PA

Week+6+optional+Sheldon+++Lyubomirsky++2006++increase+++sustain+PA

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PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [University of California, Irvine] On: 20 July 2010 Access details: Access Details: [subscription number 918974203] Publisher Routledge Informa Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registered office: Mortimer House, 37- 41 Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UK The Journal of Positive Psychology Publication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information: How to increase and sustain positive emotion: The effects of expressing gratitude and visualizing best possible selves Kennon M. Sheldon a ; Sonja Lyubomirsky b a University of Missouri-Columbia, USA b University of California, Riverside, USA To cite this Article Sheldon, Kennon M. and Lyubomirsky, Sonja(2006) 'How to increase and sustain positive emotion: The effects of expressing gratitude and visualizing best possible selves', The Journal of Positive Psychology, 1: 2, 73 — 82 To link to this Article: DOI: 10.1080/17439760500510676 URL: Full terms and conditions of use: This article may be used for research, teaching and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, re-distribution, re-selling, loan or sub-licensing, systematic supply or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents will be complete or accurate or up to date. The accuracy of any instructions, formulae and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claims, proceedings, demand or costs or damages whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with or arising out of the use of this material.
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The Journal of Positive Psychology , April 2006; 1(2): 73–82 How to increase and sustain positive emotion: The effects of expressing gratitude and visualizing best possible selves KENNON M. SHELDON 1 , & SONJA LYUBOMIRSKY 2 1 University of Missouri-Columbia, USA and 2 University of California, Riverside, USA Abstract A 4-week experimental study ( N ¼ 67) examined the motivational predictors and positive emotion outcomes of regularly practicing two mental exercises: counting one’s blessings (‘‘gratitude’’) and visualizing best possible selves (‘‘BPS’’). In a control exercise, participants attended to the details of their day. Undergraduates performed one of the three exercises during Session I and were asked to continue performing it at home until Session II (in 2 weeks) and again until Session III (in a further 2 weeks). Following previous theory and research, the practices of gratitude and BPS were expected to boost immediate positive affect, relative to the control condition. In addition, we hypothesized that continuing effortful performance of these exercises would be necessary to maintain the boosts (Lyubomirsky, S., Sheldon, K. M., & Schkade, D.
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