Memory+failures - Memory failures Sensory Memory Decay...

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Unformatted text preview: Memory failures Sensory Memory Decay Working Memory Response Rehearsal Encoding Retrieval Long-Term Memory Attention Memory Stages and Processes 2 Today Clinical memory disorders provide evidence about distinctions between: working memory and LTM explicit and implicit memory Everyday memory failures 3 Long term memory systems Explicit memory Implicit memory Episodic memory Semantic memory Classical conditioning Habituation Sensitization Priming Procedural memory Emotional memory Explicit Memory Also known as declarative or conscious memory Properties: memory consciously recalled or declared can use it to directly respond to a question 5 Long term memory systems Explicit memory Implicit memory Episodic memory Semantic memory Classical conditioning Habituation Sensitization Priming Procedural memory Emotional memory Procedural Memory Memory that enables you to perform specific learned skills or habitual responses Examples: Riding a bike Speaking grammatically Tying your shoe laces Why are procedural memories implicit? Cant readily describe their contents They are automatically retrieved when appropriate 29 Henry G. Molaison (HM)s Anterograde Amnesia Karl Lashley (1890-1958) was convinced that memory was distributed equally throughout the cortex The case of HM proved Lashley wrong 8 9 The hippocampus: a key structure in the medial temporal lobe Results of HMs surgery Reduced HMs seizures but left him with: Profound anterograde amnesia: Could not form new explicit or declarative memories Partial retrograde amnesia: Remembered little from the decade before surgery HM could still retrieve memories acquired long before the surgery; had a normal vocabulary; average IQ; intact working memory 10 HMs anterograde amnesia (inability to establish...
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Memory+failures - Memory failures Sensory Memory Decay...

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