Moral+reasoning - Moral Reasoning Outline Kohlbergs theory...

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Moral Reasoning
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Kohlberg’s theory of moral development Criticisms of Kohlberg’s theory Recent contributions of social psychology and neuroscience to understanding moral judgment Outline 2
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Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development Extended Piaget’s cognitive- developmental approach Focused on reasoning as the primary source of moral judgment Focused, not on content of moral beliefs, but on their justification 3
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Kohlberg’s Three levels of Moral Development Preconventional Conventional Postconventional 4
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Level I: Pre-conventional Good actions avoid punishment or gain reward; bad actions result in punishment or loss for the self Examples "If he lets his wife die, he’ll get in trouble.“ "It won't bother him much to serve a little jail time if he still has his wife when he gets out.“ "He shouldn't steal it. He'll be caught and sent to jail.” "His wife will probably die anyway before he gets out of jail, so it won't do him much good to steal the drug." 5
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Level II: Conventional Good actions improve relationships or society. Bad actions harm relationships or society Examples: "Heinz should steal the drug. You can't blame him for doing something out of love for his wife; you'd blame him if he didn't love his wife enough to save her.“ "Everyone will think you are a criminal. You won't be able to face anyone again.“ "It's always wrong to steal. What if everyone stole? Then there would be no law." 6
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Level III: Post-conventional Good actions are in accord with universal ethical principles that may transcend laws. Bad actions violate universal principles. It's wrong to violate another person's rights, in this case, to property. But, it's the husband's duty to save his wife. The fact that her life's in danger transcends every other standard you could use to judge his action. Life is more important than property. Usually moral and legal standpoints coincide. Here they conflict.” "You can't completely blame Heinz for stealing in this case, but he shouldn't get carried away by his own emotions and forget the long-range point of view. He has to consider the value of respect for the law and the value of all the lives involved." 7
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How Piaget's and Kohlberg's stages are related Piaget Kohlberg Pre-Operational Pre-Conventional Concrete Operations Conventional Formal Operations Post-Conventional 8
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Focus on reason as primary force behind all moral judgment. (People are like moral
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2010 for the course PSYCH PSY BEH 11 taught by Professor Garyrichardgermo during the Fall '10 term at UC Irvine.

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Moral+reasoning - Moral Reasoning Outline Kohlbergs theory...

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