P11B+Slides+18--Gender - Gender The study of gender raises...

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Gender
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The study of gender raises issues we have been learning about all quarter Nature vs. nurture How emotion can be both adaptive and a source of vulnerability How schemas help us make sense of the world and can lead to distortions in how we view the world 2
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Gender development and gender differences Sex vs. gender Development of gender roles Development of gender identity Gender differences Emotional Social Cognitive Summary & Conclusions 3
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A popular topic John Gray: Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus 30 million copies; translated into 40 languages Deborah Tannen: You Just Don’t Understand: Women and Men in Conversation – New York Times bestseller for 4 years; translated into 24 languages 4
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A serious topic Not understanding the contribution of biology to gender differences has destroyed people’s lives Not understanding the contribution of the environment to gender differences has limited the career and life choices of countless women and men 5
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Sex and Gender Sex: a biological classification based on genetic composition, anatomy, and hormones Gender: a psychological and social phenomenon – how feminine or masculine are defined in a given culture 6
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Biology of Sex Differences Biological sex is determined by the 23rd pair of chromosomes If the pair is XX, a female is produced If the pair is XY, a male child is produced 7
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Beyond biology Gender roles Gender identity Gender differences Influenced, to varying degrees, by both biology and the environment 8
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Gender Roles Societal expectations for normal and appropriate female and male behavior Sources Children watch and imitate the behaviors of others Children receive rewards/ punishments for gender role behaviors Children develop gender schemas 9
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Development of Gender Roles By toddlerhood Recognize and label boys and girls By preschool Prefer same sex peers Distinguish between appropriate play for girls and boys
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