03InteractionWEB - Interaction of Person and Situation...

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Interaction of Person and Situation
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UCI-P191 Motivation © Jutta Heckhausen - Lecture 3 Determinants of Motivated Behavior Action Outcome Conse- quences * Long-term goals * Evaluation by others * Self- evaluation * Material rewards Person: Needs, Motives, Goals Situation: Opportunities, Potential Incentives Interaction Person x Situation
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UCI-P191 Motivation © Jutta Heckhausen - Lecture 3 Interaction Between Person and Situation: Overview Lewin ʼ s feld theory Person typology and environment model AFter-eFFects oF incompleted tasks Symbolic selF-completion Incentive and expectancy as interactive explanatory concepts Expectancy-value theories Level oF Aspiration Theory oF Resultant Valence Risk-taking model
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UCI-P191 Motivation © Jutta Heckhausen - Lecture 3 Kurt Lewin ʼ s Field Theory… Individual ʼ s behavior is infuenced by internal and external ±orces (as in magnetic ²eld) Psychological “²eld” comprises both Internal situation = person (in current state) External situation = environment “Field” is an inherently interactionist conception Goes beyond uni-dimensional views o± only situation or only person “Field” incorporates the total situation Not just speci²c stimulus conditions
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UCI-P191 Motivation © Jutta Heckhausen - Lecture 3 cont… Kurt Lewin ʼ s Field Theory “Field” is focused on psychological (not physical) characteristics of person and situation Past and future have in±uence only insofar as they are psychologically represented in the present Behavior is not driven by simple stimulus- response connections, but by underlying forces
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UCI-P191 Motivation © Jutta Heckhausen - Lecture 3 Lewinian Behavior Equation B = f(P, E) Behavior (B) is a function (f) of person factors (P) and the psychological environment (E) Person is composed of tensions and energy (regions) Situation is composed of vectors (directed forces) associated with goals
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UCI-P191 Motivation © Jutta Heckhausen - Lecture 3 Lewin ʼ s Typology of the Person I M P P P C C C Regions M = motor-perceptual P = peripheral C = Central I = Core of Self The C and P regions each represent a current goal. (Lewin, 1936)
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UCI-P191 Motivation © Jutta Heckhausen - Lecture 3 Person in a Stress-Free Situation P I M P P P C C C Peripheral regions “P” are accessible from outside. Central areas “C” are not accessible.
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UCI-P191 Motivation © Jutta Heckhausen - Lecture 3 Person Under Stress in State of Self-Control I M P P P C C C Peripheral regions “P” and “I” are less accessible = protected Peripheral and central parts are more closely connected than in easy situation
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UCI-P191 Motivation © Jutta Heckhausen - Lecture 3 Person Under Very High Stress and Break-Down of Self-Control I M P P P C C C UniFcation, primitivation, “regression” of the inner-personal region “ I”
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UCI-P191 Motivation © Jutta Heckhausen - Lecture 3 Lewin ʼ s Typology of the Person I
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03InteractionWEB - Interaction of Person and Situation...

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