03InteractionWEB - Interaction of Person and Situation...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–12. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Interaction of Person and Situation
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
UCI-P191 Motivation © Jutta Heckhausen - Lecture 3 Determinants of Motivated Behavior Action Outcome Conse- quences * Long-term goals * Evaluation by others * Self- evaluation * Material rewards Person: Needs, Motives, Goals Situation: Opportunities, Potential Incentives Interaction Person x Situation
Image of page 2
UCI-P191 Motivation © Jutta Heckhausen - Lecture 3 Interaction Between Person and Situation: Overview Lewin ʼ s field theory Person typology and environment model After-effects of incompleted tasks Symbolic self-completion Incentive and expectancy as interactive explanatory concepts Expectancy-value theories Level of Aspiration Theory of Resultant Valence Risk-taking model
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
UCI-P191 Motivation © Jutta Heckhausen - Lecture 3 Kurt Lewin ʼ s Field Theory… Individual ʼ s behavior is influenced by internal and external forces (as in magnetic field) Psychological “field” comprises both Internal situation = person (in current state) External situation = environment “Field” is an inherently interactionist conception Goes beyond uni-dimensional views of only situation or only person “Field” incorporates the total situation Not just specific stimulus conditions
Image of page 4
UCI-P191 Motivation © Jutta Heckhausen - Lecture 3 cont… Kurt Lewin ʼ s Field Theory “Field” is focused on psychological (not physical) characteristics of person and situation Past and future have influence only insofar as they are psychologically represented in the present Behavior is not driven by simple stimulus- response connections, but by underlying forces
Image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
UCI-P191 Motivation © Jutta Heckhausen - Lecture 3 Lewinian Behavior Equation B = f(P, E) Behavior (B) is a function (f) of person factors (P) and the psychological environment (E) Person is composed of tensions and energy (regions) Situation is composed of vectors (directed forces) associated with goals
Image of page 6
UCI-P191 Motivation © Jutta Heckhausen - Lecture 3 Lewin ʼ s Typology of the Person I M P P P C C C Regions M = motor-perceptual P = peripheral C = Central I = Core of Self The C and P regions each represent a current goal. (Lewin, 1936)
Image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
UCI-P191 Motivation © Jutta Heckhausen - Lecture 3 Person in a Stress-Free Situation P I M P P P C C C Peripheral regions “P” are accessible from outside. Central areas “C” are not accessible.
Image of page 8
UCI-P191 Motivation © Jutta Heckhausen - Lecture 3 Person Under Stress in State of Self-Control I M P P P C C C Peripheral regions “P” and “I” are less accessible = protected Peripheral and central parts are more closely connected than in easy situation
Image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
UCI-P191 Motivation © Jutta Heckhausen - Lecture 3 Person Under Very High Stress and Break-Down of Self-Control I M P P P C C C Unification, primitivation, “regression” of the inner-personal region “ I”
Image of page 10
UCI-P191 Motivation © Jutta Heckhausen - Lecture 3 Lewin ʼ s Typology of the Person I M P P P C C C Goal intention = tension building in one region.
Image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 12
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern