09Intent+++Development

09Intent+++Development - Three Left-Over Topics From...

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Unformatted text preview: Three Left-Over Topics From Lecture on Volition Intents Action vs. State Orientation Volitional differences in people with different Achievement Motive Intents as Volitional Scaffold for Action-Regulation Opportunity: When to do it? Situational triggers, required conditions, timing and deadlines Implementation: What is to be done? SpeciFc plans about what to do in which sequence Deactivation: When is action complete and when is it futile? SpeciFc criterion about efFcacy of action that guides deactivation of intention Intents as Volitional Scaffold for Action-Regulation Opportunity: When to do it? Situational triggers, required conditions, timing and deadlines Implementation: What is to be done? SpeciFc plans about what to do in which sequence Deactivation: When is action complete and when is it futile? SpeciFc criterion about efFcacy of action that guides deactivation of intention Gollwitzer, 1999 How Intents Work Important strategy for intentions that cannot be executed immediately Opportunity is not present Other things have to be done Frst Common state of affairs with long-term goals - What about motives? General format: If situation X occurs, I will execute behavior Y => if-then plans Intended behavior is triggered by pre-conceived situation Intent is a volitional strategy, an act of will that is instantly effective Contrast to habit that is based on many repetitions Creates automatic triggering of behavior otherwise only present in strong motives Gollwitzer, 1999 Intent Facilitates Response to Critical Stimulus Under Overload Conditions (Dual-Task Paradigm) R e s p o n s e l a t e n c y i n s e c o n d s Effectiveness of Intents for Realizing Action Intentions in Multiple Domains: Empirical Findings (Gollwitzer et al.) Intent-relevant situations are more easily detected, better recalled, and more salient Mental health rehabilitation: Write CV and apply for positions before deadline passes Children with Attention Decit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) can inhibit undesirable behavior Frontal-lobe patients with decient executive functions and intent-formation show faster responses than control group of non-patients Intended behavior is triggered even when intent- relevant stimulus is presented subliminally Effects of Intents Chronic alertness to intent-relevant situation Improved recall Spontaneous guidance of attention Improved recognition Automaticity in initiation of goal-relevant behavior Immediately EfFciently Non-consciously Automaticity in generating goal-relevant behavior Not burdening for cognitive resources What does this remind you of?...
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09Intent+++Development - Three Left-Over Topics From...

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