08Volition - Mini-Quiz#7 True or False 1 Competitive skiers...

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Mini-Quiz #7 True or False? 1. Competitive skiers are more likely to take competence-dependent risks than are amateur skiers. 2. FLOW is most likely to happen when ability is low and challenge is low. 3. Behavior is thought to be intrinsically motivated when there is a low level of congruence between the action and the action goal. 4. The general idea of over-justification experiments is that intrinsic motivation corrupts extrinsic motivation. 5. Research on the over-justification effect has shown that intrinsic motivation can be undermined ONLY in situations where the activity was determined to be initially attractive. 6. Delinquent youth compared to non-delinquent high-school students have less differentiated intrinsic and extrinsic incentive systems for delinquent acts.
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Mini-Quiz #6 True or False? 1. Implicit and explicit motives always work together in order to satisfy similar needs. 2. Implicit motives are acquired in early childhood and are unconsciously represented. 3. There is a high degree of convergent validity between questionnaires that measure explicit motives and the TAT which measures implicit motives. 4. FLOW is most likely to happen when ability is low and challenge is low. 5. Behavior is thought to be intrinsically motivated when there is a low level of congruence between the action and the action goal. 6. The general idea of over-justification experiments is that intrinsic motivation corrupts extrinsic motivation.
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Volition in Different Phases of Action
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Volition: Topics in Modern Motivational Psychology Volition and Action Regulation Persistent goal pursuit Resist temptation and delay gratification Control one’s thoughts, emotions, and impulses Form intents about when and how to act Focus attention on chosen goal Action Outcome Conse- quences Person Situation
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Two Major Topics in Research on Motivation Lecture sessions so far mostly about how goal intentions are formed Wishing and Weighing => Decision about goal intention Wishing = Motive, waiting for opportunity, sensitive to incentives Weighing the different incentives of an activity, outcome, and consequences available in a situation Today about “Wanting” (Volition) = How to stick to and implement goal intentions goal intentions Crossing the decisional Rubicon leads to implemental mind-set (“The will”, volition) Overcoming obstacles to action Initiation of action Persistence until the goal is reached
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History of Motivational Psychology: Either Volition or Motivation Never both problems addressed at the same time Narziss Ach (1905) : “of the two sides of the problem of the will, the present discourse shall be limited to only one, namely the determination arising from an intention or decision , while the first side, the formation of the intention, is not extensively studied.” Lewin, McClelland, Atkinson, H. Heckhausen: Focus on goal choice (task choice, level of aspiration) Motivation strength determines effort investment, persistence Kuhl, H. Heckhausen, Gollwitzer: Revival of volition
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  • Fall '10
  • SusanCharles
  • H. Heckhausen

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