Study+Guide+for+Lecture+2 - Describe the basic premises of...

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Study Guide for Lecture 2 (first half) Chapter 3: Trait Theories of Motivation What are the four major theories of motivation (as presented in class) discussed in class? What are the basic premises of the four major theories? What are the most important conceptual differences between the four major theories? What are disadvantages of instinct-based behavioral regulation for humans? Name at least six of McDougall’s instinct-like propensities. Does Murray’s approach address the person’s trait or something in addition to that? How is Murray’s model of person-environment relationships a precursor of modern interactionism? How do higher needs differ from lower needs in his Maslow’s pyramid of needs? Describe a typical sequence of events according to Plutchic’s model. Give definition of “motive”. Which are the most commonly investigated motives? What are the taxonomic problems with motive classification systems? Study Guide for Lecture 2 (second half) Chapter 4: Situational Determinants of Behavior
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Unformatted text preview: Describe the basic premises of Hull’s drive theory. Discuss the notion of “push” and “pull”. Describe experiments with Columbia Obstruction Box. What effect did food deprivation have on the activity response to an environmental change according to one experiment reported in the chapter? Does it take longer or shorter to extinguish a learned response when the deprivation state is greater? Are drive and habit inter-related or not, and why? Explain how fear as an acquired drive influences behavior. Which levels of arousal are most effective for motivating behavior, and why? What are the propositions of Lewin’s conflict theory? Describe the different types of conflict situations Lewin’s theory addressed. How did Miller extend Lewin’s notion that fluctuations in valence reflect the distance from a goal? Give an example for an approach-avoidance conflict in a high-risk leisure activity....
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