week3class2 - Description of the sounds Phonotactics Rules...

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Click to edit Master subtitle  style  12/6/10 English  Phonetics &  Phonology Week 3, Class 1
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Today’s Agenda English vowels Phonetics vs. phonology
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Vowels Unobstructed vibration in the vocal tract Resonance caused by Position of the tongue Position of the oral pharynx Position of the jaw
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American English Vowels
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Physical Dimensions of  Vowels Tongue height High (/ ē /) vs. mid (/ ĕ /)  vs. low (/ ă /) Frontness Front (/  ē  /) vs. back (/u/) Lip Rounding Round (/o/) vs. spread (/  ē  /) Tenseness
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The Vowel Chart
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American English Vowels
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What is Phonology? Subfield of linguistics that studies the  structure and systematic patterning of  sounds in language
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Unformatted text preview: Description of the sounds Phonotactics Rules governing the distribution of those sounds What is a Phoneme? Psychological abstraction How we perceive discrete speech segments Allophones Phonetic variations of the same phoneme Minimal pairs A pair of phonemes that differ in only one distinct feature Levels of Representation Phonetic level Describes all the features of speech sounds Consider the /p/ in pit and spit Includes allophones Phonemic level Describes the way sounds are classified Phonemes Phonemic and Phonetic Levels of...
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