week3class3 - English Phonology Week3,Class3 style...

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Click to edit Master subtitle  style  12/6/10 English  Phonology Week 3, Class 3
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Today’s Agenda Features of English phonology Phonological Awareness
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What is a Phoneme? Psychological abstraction How we perceive discrete speech segments Allophones Phonetic variations of the same phoneme Minimal pairs A pair of phonemes that differ in only one  distinct feature e.g., /t/ vs. /d/  or /b/ vs. /d/
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English Plural Rule cups cubs docks dogs bets beds Rule:  when a word ends with an unvoiced  consonant, the plural is /s/.  When it ends with a  voiced consonant, the plural is /z/ Possible spelling errors:  cubz, dogz bedz
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Vowel Nasalization and add limb lib bunk buck went wet gang gag don’t dote Rule:  whenever a vowel is spoken immediately before a  nasal consonant, that vowel becomes nasalized
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Consonant Aspiration p aced sp end soap app alled k een sc are sock acc ountant t ame st able not att end Rule:  when a stop consonant immediately follows another  consonant and is followed by a vowel, it is not aspirated   (so it will sound like its voiced minimal pair)   Possible spelling errors:  spider as SBIDER or scare as  SGARE
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Vowel Lengthening seize cease sped speck bed bet live lift keel keep hag hack heed heat rise rice Rule:  when a vowel is followed by a voiced  consonant, it is of longer duration Possible spelling errors:  bed as BEED
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Flapping putting pudding tally dally writer rider templedimple little liddy
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