mmw3-lec4

mmw3-lec4 - April 5th 2010 *high way to the religion I)...

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April 5 th 2010 *high way to the religion I) Religion and the state a) Infrastructure for state religion i) College of the Pontiffs *instruction of the religion *central institution for the religion *emperor became Pontiffs of Maximus *state tight control over religious worship ii) State-sanctioned religions *not sanctioned religions = other religions! *worship in public at day (1) Why the suppression of Bacchanalia in 186 BCE? *Roman not willing to worship *popular to poor *congregate secretly at night *worship in night in privately *7000people were arrested *Threat to the Roman people (2) General tolerance for religious diversity *left window open: tolerable to the state *Roman attitude toward religious differences: generally tolerant (not subversive to the society & authority of the state) E.g. Trajan’s response to Pliny *Pliny = governor…. Sent letter to Trajan *pliny asked for the advise: Christian worshipper…. What should I do? - allow the accuse for the pardon as long as repent *Roman: bring back into the Roman society *Pliny: Recline them into Roman society(do not destroy) as long as they present political…… a) Proliferation of religions of salvation i) Impact of Roman communications network ii) Appeal to the marginalized groups of the empire
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Week Two Outline Lecture Four—The Unique Challenge of Christianity Key questions for this lecture: 1. 1) What compelled the Roman authorities to deviate from their general policy of tolerance towards religious cults? 2. 2) What unique characteristics made Christianity such a virulent threat to the integrity of the Roman system? 1. I) Religion and the State 1. a) Infrastructure for state religion 2. i) College of the Pontiffs 3. ii) State-sanctioned religions 4. (1) Why the suppression of Bacchanalia in 186 B.C.E.? 5. (2) General tolerance for religious diversity 6. (a) E.g. Trajan’s response to Pliny 1. b) Proliferation of Religions of Salvation 2. i) Impact of Roman communications network *popular among Roman soldiers *focused on rituals and myths *tolerate as long as believe in public 3. ii) Appeal to the marginalized groups of the empire *not exclusive… they could also worship emperor or other gods *did not force to believe one gods
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mmw3-lec4 - April 5th 2010 *high way to the religion I)...

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