mmw3-lec12

mmw3-lec12 - 4/26/10 (Mon) Lecture TwelveDar al-Islam Key...

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4/26/10 (Mon) Lecture Twelve— Dar al-Islam Key Points today 1) Internal socio-political and sectarian turmoil plagued the Islamic empires from 8th to 12th century; yet, this was also a period of incredible cultural, artistic, and intellectual flowering. 2) Political and religious fragmentation did not impede the cultural unity of what Muslims regarded as Dar al-Islam —“The Abode of Islam” I) The Islamic Network a) Political Fragmentation i) Regions with de facto independence from the Abbasids - mid 9 th century, many territories were independent to the Abbasids - Abbasids: Syria or Egypt or croissant(mostly took over) - Poor control over prominence & lost control over tax(less tax provision) - weakening of Abbasids ii) Fatimids caliphate in Egypt by early 10th century - Ismailies spreading to Egypt & found new Khalifa - took advantage of weakening of Abbasids & declared their ruler as Khalifa - Ismaili ideaology : different view about Khalifa: Khalifa was world ruler & following the linage of Fatimids - (1) Rule extended across North Africa, Syria, and Egypt - Used to be Abbasids’ territory (now Famimids) iii) Umayyads in al-Andalus (Spain) by early 10th century - in Italy & Spain - 3 rd group caliphate = al Andalus; not shia / Ismailis / Abbasids - survivor of Umayyad family; one’s who escape from persecution - Went up to Spain & as far as southern France (boarder) - Muslims had conquered all the Spain but reconquered by Christians later on. (1) Abd al-Rahman III declared himself Khalifa in 912 - Just around the time as Fatimids declared himself as khalifa too - reign for 3 years *** by the 10 th (Cordoba became a capital of Umayyad family – Spain) b) Cultural Cohesiveness - center is not only at Mecca but in 3 different places; each one compete to become a symbol of Islamic civilization i) Infrastructure for communication and commerce - existing infrastructures; roads…etc - can’t attributes all to Islam; some were made during Byzantine & Sassanid - expansion of the Islam western edge to Spain & eastern edge of Iran =>Islam had vast
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2010 for the course MMW 685308 taught by Professor Chang during the Spring '10 term at UCSD.

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mmw3-lec12 - 4/26/10 (Mon) Lecture TwelveDar al-Islam Key...

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