mmw3-lec16 - (fri Lecture SixteenThe Tang State General...

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5/7/10 (fri) Lecture Sixteen—The Tang State General Chronology: Official end of the Han—220 CE Three Kingdoms—3rd century Period of Division or Six Dynasties—4th to 6th centuries Northern Wei—4th to 6th centuries Sui Unification—589-618 Tang Dynasty—7th to 10th Key Focus: 1) The process towards political unification and centralization in medieval China 2) The achievements and pitfalls of absolute imperial power I) The Process Towards Unification - south : small states /division - north: unified by taba Han & unified - proceeded by the northern way of Wei dynasty a) Northern Wei (centralization) i) Integration under the Taba Huns of the Northern Wei in 311 - Foreign tribes: important to win acceptance(coherence: political integration & cultural coherence) - Undertook policies to meet these (1) Adoption of Confucian statecraft - Politically set up bureaucracy: adopted Confucianism - Governmental infrastructure of Han dynasty (2) Chinese language and customs at court - Culturally… adopted Chinese palace languages & costome and rituals tthat is distinct to China - Rapidly adopting Chinese way (3) Buddhism as a state-sanctioned religion - Religiously, they needed legitimacy - Buddhism as state sponsor religion - But still…. Daoism rebellion…. So alleviate the rebellion thru Buddhism ii) Capital at Luoyang - North: capital was not a new location - Legacy of the china was important: paradoxical present By creating at the north, they created buffer zone between traditional Chinese Protected china from more aggressive nomadic tribes iii) Domestic Management Patterns (1) Strengthened central authority, undermined local power (a) Rule of Avoidance - Begins with northern way - Noble officials were not allow to rule in one province for more than 3 years (constantly replacing officials so they don’t established too much power base of their own) - No local officials were not allow to appoint their own subordinate ; preventing nepotism or growing of local power but appointed by central govn’t (2) “Nationalization of agricultural land”— Juntian or Equal-field system (a) Edict of 485 - Gave emperor possession of all unclaimed land - (b) Edict of 486 – organization of “fives” - Keeping track population to facilitate taxation & keep tract & labor or military conscription - Very effective way to keeping track of population
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- Every 5 household = a neighborhood / 5 neighborhood = a village / 5 villages = a communal association => able to organize/ keep track of population and rural areas(census system) b) Sui Unification 589 - True consolidation in north & south i) The Sino-Turkic founder, Wendi (Yang Jian) - Able to continue many of the measure northern wei established - Way of fortifying and integrating this new unified china, reinforcing and rebuilding parts of the
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mmw3-lec16 - (fri Lecture SixteenThe Tang State General...

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