mmw3-lec18

mmw3-lec18 - 5/12/10 Lecture EighteenThe Development of the...

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5/12/10 Lecture Eighteen—The Development of the Chan (Zen) Tradition Last Lecture: 1) Buddhism’s role in furthering political and social cohesion during Sui and Tang 2) Effects of increasingly secular functions Buddhist monasteries performed Today’s focus: 1) The development of distinctly Chinese Buddhist traditions—especially, Chan - After the Huichang Suppression in 9 th century, gradually see retreat of Buddhist involvement in politics(more in private round) - Suppression was initiated by Taoism emperor & minimized their role by destroying thousands of temples…etc - Buddhism recovered but never played same role as before I) Major Chinese Buddhist Sects a) Adaptability and diversity within the Mahayana tradition i) Meaning of “Greater Vehicle” - 9 th century - Adaptability and diversity within the Mahayana tradition - greater veheicle (Mahayana) ; tradition that could carry more people/ faithful to salvation(further sure of Nervana) - also diverse & inclusive & rely on many different forms of religious teaching/practices to carry/help people to liberation - much more focus on practice ii) Maitreya—Buddha of the Future - fat Buddha - seen as cosmic figure = Buddha came later to redeem this world ; sounds like makti or messiah - Became a symbol convenient to oppress rebellion & inspire rebellion - Useful by people who wanted to inspire rebellion or different types of uprising iii) Amitabha —Buddha of the Western Paradise = pure land sect (1) a.k.a. Pure Land Buddhism - Developed by popular - This Buddha can help reach paradise - Best way to reach pure land is to appeal intercession of help of Amitabha Buddha by reciting his name thousands of time (chanting); to reach salvation - Main point: Buddhism had reached an age when teaching & original teaching of Buddhism is no longer useful because it’s age of decline; the best way to reach the western paradise is to appeal
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2010 for the course MMW 685308 taught by Professor Chang during the Spring '10 term at UCSD.

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mmw3-lec18 - 5/12/10 Lecture EighteenThe Development of the...

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