mmw3-lec21 - 5/19/10(Wed) Lecture Twenty-oneReligious...

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5/19/10(Wed) Lecture Twenty-one—Religious Syncretism in the Silla State I) The Persistence of Indigenous Traditions - Buddhism in Korea a) Construction of Sokkuram in mid-8th century - When silla had established and enjoyed prosperity and stability - By product of peace i) Exterior mound - Cave temple; but…not a cave! - Rocks were mounted on the top of each others & created Tomb affect - Cover the top with soils to create the cave shape (1) Tumulus burial mounds of Neolithic people in Korea - Reminiscent to tumulus burial mounds of Neolithic people in Korea - Not style that Buddhism brought in but incorporate with traditional Korean way - Traditionally: rock are often stack up with the dead(especially to royal family) to protect them from evil spirit (rock = protection) - Great fear of evil spirit penetrating to corps; often kept under the rocks without proper burrier (for 2-3 months) & use ice to prevent rottening - Included items that may help the dead (eg – Egyptian: feather to help dead fly) - Corpse always facing east ii) Central Buddha statue facing east - Related to Korean tradition (1) The Buddha Vairocana? - Which one is the central one? Amitaba or vairocana? - Vaiocana = sun Buddha - Important because correspond to the primitive cult (2) Cult of the Sun? - Deity/mythical figures are offspring of sun (3) Provide Spiritual Protection - Why facing east? -
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mmw3-lec21 - 5/19/10(Wed) Lecture Twenty-oneReligious...

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