mmw3-lec22 - (Fri Outline Lecture Twenty-twoPre-literate...

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5/21/10(Fri) Outline Lecture Twenty-two—Pre-literate Japanese Culture General Chronology: Jomon: 11th to 3rd century B.C.E. Yayoi: 3rd B.C.E. to 3rd C.E. Tomb: 3rd to 6th C.E. Yamato: 6th to 7th C.E. I) Prehistoric Origins - all the way up to 6 th century there is a lot of things we don’t know a) Early Japanese history shrouded in mystery i) Lack of writing system - not in the same way that ancient Chinese or Mesopotamian culture did - they did not develop writing system until 6 th century. (relatively quite late) => tribute to Japan’s isolation In China, writing emerged in 16 th century BCE ii) Lack of urbanization - There are absolutely no remains of any large settlements ( no signs of urbanization( no cities)) iii) Origin of earliest settlers - The best we can do: speculate some of earliest Japanese history for the most part, based on small artifacts that have been discovered that relate to the earliest cultures that inhabitied in Japanese island - Earliest evidence of settlements: 200,000 yrs ago. : when settlers first came to this island (sign of human settlement) - still in dispute: Q. where did this origin settlers came from? A1. Polynesian tribes ( maritime tribes=island hopping): sudden origin A2. at some point, Japanese island was actually linked to the Asian continent particularly, Siberia. (influx that came from the eastern fringes of Asian continent << support: recently archeologist found the remains of mammoth. ( they don’t swim) b) Jomon (11th to 3rd century B.C.E.) i) Name refers to the “rope-pattern” pottery - The reason why this period was named this way is “Jomon” is the term that translates to rope-pattern rope patterns refers to the pottery that archeologist have been able to trace to this period. - Widespread evidence of all these pots. some of them irregular shape <<IMP: they probably did not have a potter’s wheel (what gives artifacts the round shape)] >> these pots were more like a clay that human hands shaped. - also, see intricate pattern often “rope” on this sculptures. these rope, or vine pattern >> ubiquitous style of this period (throughout this time.): very common motif don’t know what’s the symbol represent ii) Hunter-gathering villages - Evidence of settlement esp. along the coast line >> humongous piles of shells they were able to dig up. - grave size: generally very small, not sophisticated at all, all about the same size - same grave size = class issue Class issue: there’s not a lot of social stratification (no ruling class), No evidence of king. Hunter gathering society: everything was fairly equal; egalitarian Class = more urbanized period c) Yayoi (3rd B.C.E. to 3rd C.E.)
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- something begins to shift around 3 rd century i) Named after marshy plains near modern day Tokyo - that supported the cultivation of rice - this is what brought the change: shift from hunter gathering to agriculture. >> namely,
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mmw3-lec22 - (Fri Outline Lecture Twenty-twoPre-literate...

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