mmw3-lec24 - 5/26/10(Wed) Outline Lecture...

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O utline Lecture Twenty-four—Buddhism and State Formation in Japan Today’s Key Focus: 1) Formation of the Japanese State—evolution of an insular, embryonic, microcosmic entity, where the effect of every change is magnified and profound. 2) Buddhism, along with Confucianism, as both foreign catalyst and assimilated tradition of that change. - Isolated island culture : if there is change, its more dramatic change - Buddhism was used to form the state - Buddhism entered at the time when there is not state: simultaneous process of religion assimilation & state formation I) Conditions for the Formation of a Centralized Yamato State a) Crisis in the early 7th century i) Geopolitical Threats - They had up to this point, they enjoyed a certain foothold of Korean peninsula, they lost foot hold in main land because the rise of power of Silla & silla unification - China = unification of North & south - All of them moving towards consolidation - More of more japanese clans felt threaten bcause janpan alone was decentratlized and fragmented - Yamato clan was the possible on to unify ii) Domestic Vulnerabilities: (1) Tenuous authority of Yamato state vs. autonomy of provincial clans (Consolidation of Yamamoto Power) - Yamato enjoyed tenuous grip over other clans ; easy to centralize the state (a) Emerging immigrant Soga clan vs. the Mononobe and Nakatomi - Conflict with rival clan = Soga clan - Soga Positive against more natives clan(=more traditional & more resistance from foreign influence or change) Ties commerce and immigrant communities and other clans which has stronger ties to Kami/Shinto belief Representing agriculture (generally commerce vs agriculture) - Conflict often found in expression in what kind of deity each clan adopted as patrons - Many traditional clan already had their deity - Soga: adopted Buddha as their patron kamis (b) “Hata” people in Japan - Immigrant from china - Ancestor of Yamato clan (c) Conflict over worship of the Buddha vs. kamis - already had Japanese deity - 6 th century: ruler from Paekche Buddhist monk brought statues and scripture - Passionate debate among japanese noble families b) Introduction of Buddhism to Japan i) Paekche mission to the Yamato court (1) Soga faction adopt the Buddha as its clan kami - Soga decided to adopt Buddha as clan Kami - Imperial court allow the Soga to adopt as a test To see what would happen if one of the clan adopt the foreign kami? Would they bring prosperity or ruin?
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2010 for the course MMW 685308 taught by Professor Chang during the Spring '10 term at UCSD.

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mmw3-lec24 - 5/26/10(Wed) Outline Lecture...

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