mmw3-lec26 - 6/2/10(Wed) Lecture Twenty-sixSamurai Culture...

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Lecture Twenty-six—Samurai Culture of the Kamakura Shogunate - Before: Heian period & inward turning of Japnese culture courtely refinement - Kyoto was ruled by Fugiwara family even though they had emperor 1) The Ethos of Samurai Culture a) Political changes in the 12th century i) Power shifts to Kanto Plain - we begin to see arising power of warriors in Kanto Plain( east of this region) - Wild east = culture in kanto plain - Where did powerful class come from? Mostly evolved from powerful bans of Samurai warriors & very far removed from Chinese style cities: Nara and Heian - on the one hand, courtly refined / as opposed to east, kind of rustic, samurai warrior (very different cultures) - In this area, region of Kanto plain, we see the development of bushido (1) Development of bushido = bushi - Bushido- the way of the warrior ( Do=way, Bush=warrior) ii) Triumph of the Taira Clan (Heike) - 2 samurai/warrior clans Taira= Heike their adversary was called Minamoto (Genji) (1) Victory over its rival Minamoto clan (Genji) - Taira paired up with imperial family vs Minamoto was allied with Fujiwara family >>basically two clans each side allied with particular contingent in the capital (2) The Hogen War 1159-1160 - the first war that broke out >> as a result of this, Taira became to the greater prominence. - After the victory, Tiara started out as rustic warrior clan in Kanto Plain - Tiara decided to move into the capital into Kyoto itself >> they started to embrace refine culture they confronted in the court - many warriors adopted the refined, courtly lives they found in kyoto >> result: many of them lost warrior edge(became soft) instead of focusing on martial skills or conquest, they strated to indulge in courtly life iii) The “domestication” of the Taira - became unfortunate to them >> b/c as they were enjoying the courtly life, Minamoto challenged Taira again >>second major war: Gempei War(20 yrs later) iv) The Gempei War 1180-1185 - very bloody conflicts between two sides - In this war, Minamoto ended up achieving final triumph over th Taira. - they come into the capital and basically tossed out the Taira warriors who were used to courtly life. - Important? Provides setting many of the war tails that came from this period. These tails important b/c we see the quality of what means to be Samurai. (this is the birth/ time place of Samurai’s development) b) The Way of the Samurai i) Purpose of nanori or “name announcing” - nori= announcing family name/honor - his was the practice every encountered Samurai practiced. -
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mmw3-lec26 - 6/2/10(Wed) Lecture Twenty-sixSamurai Culture...

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