mmw3-lec3

Mmw3-lec3 - Outline Lecture ThreeThe Infrastructure of Imperial Rome Key questions today 1 1 What centralizing measures did the Romans use to

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Outline Lecture Three—The Infrastructure of Imperial Rome Key questions today: 1. 1) What centralizing measures did the Romans use to manage their sprawling empire? 2. 2) How did they address the political and social challenges at home and in the 3. provinces? I) The Need for Centralized Rule? a) Civil Wars in 1st century B.C.E. i) Marius vs. Sulla ii) The Two Triumvirates b) Was the shift to imperial rule inevitable and necessary? i) Provinces mismanaged ii) Armies unreliable iii) Senate incompetent and corrupt 1. (1) Example of Jugurtha, King of Numidia in North Africa iv) Size of the expanding empire? *necessary for change? Yes… Problems: 1) they were corrupted 2) take advantage of 10years of office… exposed to excessive tax/no standard for taxation during republic 3) army became unreliable(lean toward military commends) 4)corruption of senates; bribery *required strong centralized authority II) From “Octavian” to “Augustus” *shift roman republic to empire a) Centralized Autocracy under Augustus (27 B.C.E-14 C.E.) i) Lesson from Julius Caesar’s mistake *Octavian *23BC: after great victory… & first thing… was surrendered consul job(because he already established senate supporters ; play along with the republic things… /knew supreme power of government) ii) Title of “Princeps” or “First Citizen” iii) Religious authority as “Pontifex Maximus”
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2010 for the course MMW 685308 taught by Professor Chang during the Spring '10 term at UCSD.

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Mmw3-lec3 - Outline Lecture ThreeThe Infrastructure of Imperial Rome Key questions today 1 1 What centralizing measures did the Romans use to

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