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Unformatted text preview: Week Four Outline Lecture Seven The Rise and Impact of Humanism Key Focus of lecture: 1) Changing social landscape in late medieval Europe 2) Intellectual development from the Medieval Synthesis to the Renaissance 3) Assumptions of Humanism and how they depart from Scholasticism 4) Socio-political and cultural implications of the Renaissance I) Economic and Social Shifts in Late Medieval Europe >>was largely ruled in agricultural settings (prior to 12 th century) >>Feudal system prevailed in Europe a) Economic Landscape Prior to 12th Century i) Pervasiveness of feudal life - there were few towns, they followed the rhythm of the country side-feudal life was precarious: serfs live on the edge of subsistence: not a lot of surplus to innovate and t ry different approaches: always living on the edge of survivor : you dont see a lot of dramatic changes. +Why 12 th century? 12 th century: we began to see the imp. shifts: rule, urban. +more town starting to emerge: originally this towns emerged charters either from the church or feudal matters. Who lived in this town?: mostly crafts man/ people provided diff. types of services :very small portion of population b) Rise of Towns and Guilds i) 13th and 14th century urban expansion +13 th and 14 th : we see this towns to grow in significant sizes and their autonomous power.-These artisans and crafts men started to gain greater voices in political matters. >they started as subservient in the service of manors and churches , -but later on these towns begin to see more autonomy >black plague may have contributed to this: with all these democratic changes, >more peasants moving to the town for better paying jobs.-life in this town. ii) Town air brings more freedom +promised greater freedom: one of the more powerful appeals that town life had over feudal life. +ppl who left the manor was assured of better life and greater independence: >On the manors, they were always subject of Lords will. in feudal they were under nobles +Because of this shift, more and more peasant and serfs moving to the town. >many of these feudal lord had to a lot more accommodating toward those peasants who stayed >>otherwise, they will lose all of them. >>one accommodation: paying them wage laborers as opposed to working for their own survival +not only did this brought about changes in the town, but back in the manor, they had to open up iii) Steady demographic shift from country-side to cities and towns ++From this point, we see irreversible trends of rise and towns of city and steady decline of medieval feudal manor >it wasnt war or battles that tore down the feudal system, but instead economic and demographic: more and more people moving to city looking for better life....
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- Summer '10
- The Prince