This translation, which has been prepared by Ian Johnston of Mlaspina University-
College, Nanaimo, BC, Canada, is in the public domain and may be used by anyone, in
whole or in part, for any purpose, without permission and without charge, provided the
source is acknowledged. Last revised October 1 2002, minor editorial corrections made
on May 21, 2005.
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- The King of Argos, the husband of Clytemnestra, and the commander of the Greek armies during the
siege of Troy. Agamemnon is the older brother of Menelaus, whose wife Helen was stolen by a Trojan prince, thus
igniting a decade-long war. A great warrior, he sacrificed his daughter Iphigenia in order to obtain a favorable wind to
carry the Greek fleet to Troy. During the ten-year conflict, his Queen has plotted his death in order to avenge the killing
of their daughter. He appears on stage only briefly and behaves arrogantly. He goes to his death unaware of his fate.
- The play's protagonist, Clytemnestra is Agamemnon's wife and has ruled Argos in his absence. She plans
his murder with ruthless determination and feels no guilt after his death; she is convinced of her own rectitude and of
the justice of killing the man who killed her daughter. She is, a sympathetic character in many respects, but the
righteousness of her crime is tainted by her entanglement with Aegisthus. Even so, Aeschylus makes it clear that
Agamemnon's death must be avenged.
- A Trojan Princess, captured by Agamemnon and carried to Argos as his slave and mistress. She was
Apollo's lover. Apollo gave her the gift of prophecy, but when she refused to bear him a child, he punished her by making
all around her disbelieve her predictions. She sees the ancestral curse afflicting Agamemnon's family, and predicts both
his death and her own, as well as the vengeance brought by Orestes in the next play.
- Agamemnon's cousin and Clytemnestra's lover. His father and Agamemnon's father were rivals for the
throne. Agamemnon's father boiled two of his rival's children—Aegisthus brothers—and served them to him for dinner.
Since that time, Aegisthus has been in exile awaiting a chance to seek revenge for the terrible crime.
- The man assigned to watch for the signal of Troy's fall from the roof of the palace. He is joyful at his