Important Reactions - Important Reactions Alkanes...

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J.P. Harris PCC Important Reactions Alkanes – combustion (x2) Complete: alkane + O 2 CO 2 + H 2 O Incomplete: alkane + O 2 CO 2 + CO + C + H 2 O Alkenes – addition reactions (x5) Br Br | | Halogenation: C=C + Br 2 - C – C - | | H H Pt | | Hydrogenation: C=C + H 2 - C – C – | |
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J.P. Harris PCC Alkene Reactions (continued) Markovnikov’s Rule: Add H to the C with more Hs already! H X | | Adding H-X: C=C + H-X - C – C – | | H OH H 2 SO 4 | | Hydration: C=C + H 2 O - C – C – | | Heat, pressure, Polymerization: nCH 2 =CH 2 ( CH 2 – CH 2 ) n catalysts Alkynes – same reactions as alkenes, but need 2x as much added reactant to make alkanes from alkynes
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J.P. Harris
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