Saying, as Thomas Jefferson did in the Declaration of Independence, that “all men are created equal” sounds good, but what does it really mean? Certainly people are notall exactly the same. Obviously, some are shorter, older, richer, and smarter than others. And should people always be expected to be treated exactly the same or to have the same qualities and possessions? Even though rights are protected by the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, the wordequalitydoes not appear in either place.The only place that equality is really addressed is in the 14thAmendment, which was not added until after the Civil War – about 80 years after the original Constitutionwas written. The amendment forbids states to deny anyone “equal protection of laws.” The full force of the 14thAmendment was notfelt for another 100 years. Even today, the equal treatment of all people before the law is an elusive (which means hard to get hold of) value that does not always exist hand-in-hand with liberty.