We were bivouacking late one evening nearCoquimbo, in Chile, when my servant, noticing that one of thehorses was very restive, went to see what was the matter, andfancying he could distinguish something, suddenly put his hand onthe beast's withers, and secured the vampire. Effects of Cattle on the Vegetation. Having kept a largetuft of it in a basin of salt- water, when it was dark I found thatas often as I rubbed any part of a branch, the whole becamestrongly phosphorescent with a green light: I do not think I eversaw any object more beautifully so. It stands by itself without anyneighbour, and was indeed the first tree we saw; afterwards we metwith a few others of the same kind, but they were far from common. Thesight of so much fern impresses the mind with an idea of sterility:this, however, is not correct; for wherever the fern grows thickand breast-high, the land by tillage becomes productive. This tameness of the birds, especiallyof the waterfowl, is strongly contrasted with the habits of thesame species in Tierra del Fuego, where for ages past they havebeen persecuted by the wild inhabitants. Inthese wild countries it gives much delight to gain the summit ofany mountain. From themountains we had a very striking view of this white and brilliantaerial-field, which sent arms up the valleys, leaving islands andpromontories in the same manner as the sea does in the Chonosarchipelago and in Tierra del Fuego. It reached Arequipa in1807; and it is said that some men there, who had not been bitten,were affected, as were some negroes, who had eaten a bullock whichhad died of hydrophobia. (21/5. In deep water, far from the land, the number of living creatures isextremely small: south of the latitude 35 degrees, I neversucceeded in catching anything besides some beroe, and a fewspecies of minute entomostracous crustacea. The smallest rock in the tropical seas, by giving a foundation forthe growth of innumerable kinds of seaweed and compound animals,supports likewise a large number of fish. DECEMBER 28, 1834. I stayed here the two ensuing days,and although very unwell, managed to collect from the tertiaryformation some marine shells. Ina similar manner a man can hold the wildest horse, if caught withthe lazo, just behind the ears. One day, at St. Flora of the Galapagos. They withstood severalattacks. The progress of research has shown that some ofthese birds, which were then thought to be confined to the islands,occur on the American continent. )On our return
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- Spring '18
- Tierra del Fuego