Internet Notes-Ch.1

Internet Notes-Ch.1 - Internet Notes Chapter 1...

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Internet Notes Chapter 1 Chapter Summary Questions and Exercises prepared by Alan Saks. I. What Are Organizations? A. Social Inventions  Organizations  are social inventions for accomplishing common goals through group effort. Their essential characteristic is  the coordinated presence of people, not necessarily things. Of primary interest is understanding people and managing them  to work effectively.  B. Goal Accomplishment  Individuals are assembled into organizations for a reason. In the private sector, some organizations have goals like selling  cars, delivering news, or winning hockey games. In the nonprofit and public sectors, organizations may have goals such as  saving souls, promoting the arts, helping the needy, or educating people. Virtually all organizations have survival as a goal.  C. Group Effort  To achieve their goals, organizations are staffed with people who operate together in a coordinated fashion. At times,  individuals can accomplish much. But by combining greater resources and wealth with effective teamwork, organizations have  become the dominant producing agents in the world. The field of organizational behaviour is concerned with how to get  people to practice effective teamwork.  II. What Is Organizational Behaviour? Organizational behaviour  refers to the attitudes and behaviours of individuals and groups in organizations. The field of  organizational behaviour involves the systematic study of these attitudes and behaviours, and should be of interest to all  students of management.  III. Why Study Organizational Behaviour? There are at least three reasons why organizational behaviour is worth studying.  A. Organizational Behaviour is Interesting  Organizational behaviour is interesting because it is about people and human nature. You should be interested in this field  because you will find that the behaviour of people in an organizational setting is fascinating.  B. Organizational Behaviour is Important  Aside from being interesting, organizational behaviour is also important since most of us are members of organizations. As  well, what happens in organizations often has a profound impact on people. Knowledge of organizational behaviour will help  to make us more effective in a variety of roles such as managers, employees, or consumers.  C. Organizational Behaviour Makes a Difference  Organizational behaviour is also worth studying because it not only has to do with the attitudes and behaviour of people in  organizations, but it also has implications for an organization’s competitiveness and success. Many of the best companies to  work for in Canada use management practices that have their basis in organizational behaviour. In addition, an increasing 
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  • Winter '09
  • Jaeger
  • Henry Mintzberg, hockey, Fred Luthans, Alan Saks., teamwork.  D. Employee Recruitment

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