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Unformatted text preview: .————————"——————-———_ DRGANIZATIUNAL BEHAVIOUR {MGCR 222) Final Exam Review Questions 1. Discuss how the goals of the field of organizational behaviour are related .to managerial tasks or analysis and action. What does the term, contingency mean and why are they so central to an understanding of how organizations function? What is the importance of studying organizational behaviour? 2. a}! Define personality and discuss ils general role in influencing organizational behaviour. Discuss the organizational Consequences of differences in locus of control, self-monitoring and self-esteem. bi Contrast the reinforcement strategies that a supervisor might use to manage the work behaviour of an experienced versus an inexperienced subordinate. Be sure to consider the issue of self-management. 3. a} Use Bruner's perceptual model to explain why performance appraisals and interviewers’ judgments are frequently inaccurate. tr} Discuss the assertion that "the perception of reality is more important than reality itself" in the context of organizations. 4. a} Discuss the pros and cons oftheargurnent, ”Organizations should do everything they can to enhance Ihe job satisfaction and organizational commitment of their employees.” b} Explain Hofstede’s four dimensions of cultural differences. Give cultural examples for each. cl What steps can we take toward successful crosscultural interaction? 5. a} Explain and discuss the managerial implications of needs theories of motivations. bi Compare and contrast the various managerial implications of equity theory, er‘rpectancy theory, and goal-setting theory. Er. Consider the several important problems associated with work redesign. List these explaining how they can be overcome. What additional techniques can be considered in redesigningjohs in order to increase productivity and satisfaction. Hackman and lDidham'have. developed a “Job Characteristics Model'. Describe. its major characteristics and their function. ?. a] The leadership function is often shared by members ofa groUp. Distinguish between task, social and self-oriented roles. Elaborate on and give examples ofihree roles from each category. What impact do these roles have on group effectiveness? bi Describe charismatic leadership. Give examples of charismatic leaders validating your choice. Identify the three stages of the charismatic leadership influence process. What is the difference between charismatic and non-charismatic leadersi B. What factors influence group formation and. maintenance? How do groUp norms develop and what function do they play? Explain group cohesiveness and factors contributing to cohesiveness as well as use effects cohesiveness has on the group. Is high cohesiveness always desirable? 9. Differentiate between stressors and stress reactions and the role of personality in stress experience I[describe strEssors at work and behavioural and psychological reactions to stress}. What stress management programs can be made available to employees?- iti. al What are the primary advantages of the bounded rationality model of decision making? How does it differ from the perfect rationality model? 1)} Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of group decision making as compared to individual decision making. ...
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