Exam 3 Study Guide Spring 2010

Exam 3 Study Guide Spring 2010 - FMSC 332: EXAM 3 STUDY...

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FMSC 332: EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDE Wednesday, May 19 at 10:30am in our usual classroom Review your PowerPoint notes, chapter outlines in the book, and parenting book. The exam is worth 50 points and you will have 2 hours to complete it. Chapter 11: Middle Childhood Cognitive Development 1) Concrete Operational Stage a. Age 7=major cognitive turning point b. Physical Development, Growth i. Size and weight / Height variations ii. Excess weight and obesity iii. Motor development and athletics iv. Health and illness in middle childhood v. ADHD c. Symbolic, logical, and abstract thinking 2) Major cognitive changes from early to middle childhood a. Logical, systematic thinking b. Perceive reality despite false appearances c. Expertise about certain topics (domain-specific) d. Control own attention and memory e. Metacognition : think about their own thinking 3) Cognitive limitations that still exist a. Lack adults’ broad base knowledge b. Unable to use skills to problem-solve c. Unable to reason about abstract and hypothetical problems 4) How does children’s understanding of conservation and classification change during middle childhood? a. By age 10, most children can conserve number, length, area, mass, and displaced liquid volume b. Information-Processing Abilities c. Increasingly sophisticated problem-solving i. Apply rules based on logic ii. Systematic, selective, organized, flexible iii. In-class video, 7 year old knew the script of a joke, sat still entire time 5) How do children’s attention abilities change from early to middle childhood? a. More selection in where they direct their attention b. Attention disorders (ADD, ADHD) are often diagnosed during this stage because individual differences become more apparent 6) Three components of ADHD a. 1-Inattention : difficulty sustaining attention, difficulty organizing tasks and activities, and easily distracted by extraneous stimuli b. 2-Hyperactivity : fidgety, leaves seat and runs about or climbs excessively, and talks excessively c. 3-Impulsivity : blurts out answers before questions have been completed, difficulty awaiting turn, and interrupts or intrudes on others d. Symptoms must be present for at least 6 months when child is 7 or younger in at least two different settings (i.e. home, school) e. Treatment Options i. Behavior modification 1. One task at a time 2. Reward good behavior 3. Structured environment 4. Time-out ii. Medication iii. Diet iv. IEP: school plan mandated by law 1
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v. Educate parents and children about ADHD 7) How do changes in memory capacity, knowledge base, mnemonic strategies, and metamemory contribute to memory development in middle childhood? a. Improved short-term memory b. Unlimited long-term memory storage c. Neurological changes + practice d. Metamemory: a type of metacognition (thought about thought) that focues on one's memory and memory processes includes thinking about what type of elaboration might be best to memorize a set of information or an evaluation of whether or not a certain piece of information will be remembered in the
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This note was uploaded on 12/06/2010 for the course FMSC 332 taught by Professor Evans during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.

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Exam 3 Study Guide Spring 2010 - FMSC 332: EXAM 3 STUDY...

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