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Exam 1 Study Guide_Spring2010

Exam 1 Study Guide_Spring2010 - FMSC 332 EXAM 1 STUDY...

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FMSC 332: EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE **Review your PowerPoint notes, book chapters, handouts, and online required readings.** Chapter 1: Nature of Development 1) Understand the many types of development we will be studying this semester: behavioral reorganization, quantitative vs. qualitative changes, continuous vs. discontinuous development, and normative vs. individual development a. Behavioral reorganization: a change in the way a developing child organizes and uses his or her capabilities; one way in which qualitative change occurs b. Quantitative change: a developmental change involving an increase in the amount of an existing ability or characteristic c. Qualitative change: a developmental change involving a fundamental transformation in an ability or characteristic d. Continuous development: involves gradual, cumulative change e. Discontinuous development: development is in distinct stages (discontinuity) f. Normative development: The general changes and reorganizations in behavior that virtually all children share as they grow older g. Individual development: Individual variations around the normative course of development 2) How have theories of child development changed over the centuries? Theories of child development have molded as new technology allows new focuses on children. With so many different theories, views are constantly changing towards the development of children, and we are developing new observations and research to allow this to occur. Theories of child development such as the main 6, however, are truthfully still used and analyzed in place today (so it hasn’t changed that much). While new theories emerge, they are mostly just built upon old ones. 3) What are the main theories we will be studying in child development – who are the key players and what are the key concepts? How do theorists differ on issues of gradual development vs. stages, early vs. current experiences, and specific vs. general theory? 6 Key Theories: 1. Bandura’s Social Learning Theory: emphasizes the learning of behaviors through associations with different kinds of consequences, especially in a social context; Bandura’s Modeling-learning by imitating other’s behavior, especially behavior that has been observed to have positive consequences 2. Bowlby’s Adaptational Theory/(Attachment Theory-Ainsworth): Bowlby’s developmental theory, integrates ideas from evolutionary, psychoanalytic and cognitive theories to explain the development and impact of early attachment relationships 3 . Psychoanalytic Theory (Freud and Erikson): Any theory of development derived from the ideas of Freud; attempts to describe normative social and emotional development and explain individual development pathways from variations of the norm; Freud concludes that abnormal behavior results from inadequate expression of innate drives.
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