Exam 3 Study Guide Spring 2010-2

Exam 3 Study Guide Spring 2010-2 - FMSC 332 EXAM 3 STUDY...

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FMSC 332: EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDE Wednesday, May 19 at 10:30am in our usual classroom Review your PowerPoint notes, chapter outlines in the book, and parenting book. The exam is worth 50 points and you will have 2 hours to complete it. Chapter 11: Middle Childhood Cognitive Development 1) Which stage of Piaget’s cognitive theory does middle childhood development fall into? What are the basic characteristics of this stage? a. Concrete operational stage – major cognitive turning point b. MASTER: i. Symbolic thinking and logical thinking ii. Perceive reality despite false appearances iii. Expertise about certain topics (domain-specific) iv. Control own attention and memory v. Metacognition: think about their own thinking c. LIMITATIONS: i. Lack adults’ broad base knowledge ii. Unable to use skills to problem-solve iii. Unable to reason about abstract and hypothetical problems 2) How does children’s understanding of conservation and classification change during middle childhood? a. By age 10, most children can conserve number, length, area, mass and displaced liquid volume 3) How do children’s attention abilities change from early to middle childhood? a. Now children have more selection in where they direct their attention b. Individual differences regarding attention become more apparent 4) What are the three components of ADHD? a. Inattention: difficulty sustaining attention, difficult organizing tasks and activities, and easily distracted by extraneous stimuli b. Hyperactivity: fidgety, leaves seat and runs about or climbs excessively, talks excessively c. Impulsivity: blurts out answers before questions have been completed, difficulty awaiting turn, and interrupts or intrudes on others 5) How do changes in memory capacity, knowledge base, mnemonic strategies, and metamemory contribute to memory development in middle childhood? a. Improved short-term memory b. Unlimited long-term memory storage c. Neurological changes and practice d. Metamemory e. Mnemonic strategies: intentional goal-directed behaviours designed to improve memory i. Rehearsal: repeating information over and over ii. Organization: arranging information into meaningful categories iii. Elaboration: creating a meaningful connection between items to be remembered, either verbally or visually 6) How do didactic and cooperative learning experiences advance children’s cognitive development? a. Cooperative learning experiences: cognitive development in the context of peer groups who have about the same knowledge and skil b. Didactic learning experiences: knowledgeable adults teach children (teachers, adults, older siblings) 7) Describe Gardner’s and Sternberg’s theories of intelligence. a. Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences i. Theory that there are multiple types of intelligence: biology+socialization+education ii. Linguistic, musical, logical-mathematical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, intra personal, interpersonal b. Sternberg’s theory of intelligence i. Triarchic Theory ii. Analytic, creativity, practicality
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