CCJS330 - CCJS330 Violence against Women Lecture#1...

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CCJS330 – Violence against Women 9/15/08 – Lecture #1 “Patriarchal, patrilinear, patrilocal, and polygynous” (Holmes and Holmes) HISTORICAL CONTEXT: -The fact that women are “subservient” creates everything Definition of Rape: the carnal knowledge of a women by a man, not her husband without the consent of the women or her husband, with physical force and against the utmost resistance of the women IN TRANSLATION: women are the ONLY victims of sexual assault, husband CAN rape his wife, expected that women could be traded, raping of women was a normal consequence of war (in battle you killed the men and raped the women), women must fight to the death, it is better to die than be raped, all of the women want to have sex with EVERY man until she says otherwise --- law is a reflection of their beliefs Public Perception of Rape It was better to die than to be raped – story of St. Maria Agretta Women would “cry rape” Women deserved to be or needed to be raped Rape was the result of a mans uncontrollable urges and could be provoked by a woman Impact on Conetent of Violence Against Women Definition of Doemstic Violence: Undefined Rule of thumb: a man could absue his thumb with things as long as they were as wide or less than his thumb Women were the property of the husband or the father -Property owners were free to and expected to maintain discipline or control of their property Public Perception of Domestic Violence “private family matter” 1994 - OJ trials What does this mean for stalking? There is no concept of stalking Women were to be chased and men were to be the chaser… **Do we live in a culture that encourages violence against women? -(Rape convictions/arrests/reported/occurrences graph) -1 in 4 women will be a victim of rape in her lifetime -1 in 5 women will be a victim of rape during her time in college -Domestic violence graph, statistically -1 in 3 women will be in a n abusive relationship before they leave college Doe we live in a culture that encourages violence against women OR do we live in a culture that accepts violence against women?
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9/22/08 – Lecture #2 Sexual Violence Defining Violence Against Women - Statistical standard : normal behavior defined by the proportion of the population that engages in the behavior - Cultural Standard: normal behavior defined by standards of conduct, or norms, that maintain society, as we want it -who is we? (gov’t? upper class white men; classic conflict crim – people w/ power make the rules) - Religious Standard: Normal behavior defined by religion -which religion, in a pluralistic society? - Subjective Standard: Normal behavior defined by each individual using their own cultural, statistical, and religious beliefs (everybody decides for themselves, “all hell breaks loose”) -Who Defines Illegal Sexual Behavior?
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