This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: QUALITATIVE RESEARCH Qualitative research is: In general, qualitative methods rely on words, contexts, and meanings to examine the details and conditions of the daily lives of study participants For the qualitative researcher, these methods involve following non-linear, cyclical patterns, using inductive reasoning creating procedures specific to individual studies extracting themes which emerge from the data organizing evidence to create clear pictures of ones findings A central task and responsibility of a qualitative researcher is to present interpretations of his or her data in a manner that most closely represents the intended meanings and experiences of study participants OVERVIEW: Qualitative methods have a strong relationship to quantitative methods: Qualitative can generate hypotheses that can be tested using quantitative Qualitative can help explain quantitative findings In general, qualitative methods use: Induction and deduction in its use of theory Generally broader research questions than quantitative research Different data collection and (IV.) data analysis methods than quantitative research Deduction & Induction Deduction : using general principles (theory) to establish specific expectations o Theory as the foundation of inquiry o Rooted in the positivist tradition of uncovering truth by testing hypotheses o Gilgun o Deduction can be used as a qualitative approach to gather evidence that disproves or reshapes existing theories Induction : using specific observations to develop general principles (theories) o Theory as the product of inquiry o Repeated observation and analysis leads to building theory or generic concepts o Grounded theory approaches o Observations generate data (e.g. peoples stories surrounding a given theme) o Concepts are drawn from the data, and refined during a process of constant comparison across all cases; i.e. theory is built from the ground, up (Glaser & Strauss, 1967) o Phenomenological research o Inductive process entails immersion in a setting, reflection on participants stories and their meanings, increasing awareness, pulling together individual stories, and describing their experiences and the meanings behind them (Moustakis, 1990) Qualitative research is most often associated with induction , though qualitative paths to inquiry are often influenced by both deduction and abduction (both the foundation and product of inquiry) as well Deduction and induction differ in the role that theory plays, though not every qualitative approach is centered around theory (e.g. narrative) Qual RQs Examine Process, Meaning, and Context Do not look at the relationship between variables Generally start with how or what and do not contain the words affect, influence, impact, determine, or cause Sampling Small n...
View Full Document
- Spring '10