History of Black Education

History of Black Education - History of Black Education In...

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H istory of B lack E ducation In short, white universities felt no special mission, as centers of American culture, to incorporate the former American slaves into that culture. -Allen Ballard, The Education of Black Folk T o better understand the status of blacks in education between the years 1950-1975, one must have an understanding of the historical events shaping that status. An understanding of social political status of Black Americans is needed. E ver since the days of slavery, constraining black education was used as a method to quell black agency and fears of slave rebellions. This denial only intensified Black people's desire for education. After emancipation, black education was relegated to poorly funded segregated schools. D uring this period, two leaders emerged with conflicting philosophies regarding Black education, W.E.B. DuBois and Booker T. Washington. H istory of B lack H igher E ducation In higher education, several Black institutions were formed under the auspices of the Freedman's Bureau and the American Missionary Association, to help create black clerics and provide a Christian education for the Black "heathens." Simultaneously, Southern black institutions, segregated schools that largely depended on white philanthropy to exist, focused on industrial education that would prepare blacks for subservient roles in society. These institutions were in most cases, academically inferior to white institutions . The first Black American student graduated from Bowdoin College in 1890. Black students did not begin to enter predominately white schools in significant numbers until the 1960s. -E ducation of B lacks in O hio A lthough from the mid to the late 1800s, Ohio had more colleges that any other state in America, the acceptance and enrollment of black students was relatively small. With the notable exception of Oberlin College (1833), which was open to black students as early as 1835, only two years after it open, Ohio's campuses were overwhelming white institutions with scarce Black students representation. Like Kenyon, these schools. Perhaps the establishment of Wilberforce University (1856) in Southern Ohio may have contributed to this. E ducation in the 1950s
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Before the beginning of the large-scale entry of Black students into white universities in 1965- 66, the academic world itself scarcely noticed Blacks. -Allen Ballard, The Education of Black Folk W hile some universities would require federal urging to open their enrollment to black students, these were primarily larger state universities. Many private colleges never explicitly forbade blacks, but practiced a de facto segregation. Before the black enrollment boom of the late 1960s, some schools, such as Kenyon, began to investigate the possibilities of recruiting qualified black students. There were sparse scatterings of solitary black students beginning to integrate all white campuses. Contributing factors included the Great Migration, the economic gains of World War II, military desegregation, and the Brown v. Board of education case. These all brought hope to
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History of Black Education - History of Black Education In...

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