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Crusades Notes - 1 The Origins of the Crusades 1 1 the...

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1. The Origins of the Crusades 1. 1 the social and religious movements in the West (Campaign launched by the Roman Church (Catholics) to get the Holy Lands back A. The popularity of pilgrimage- a personal visit to a place made holy through the life of Christ or one of the saints- among Western Christians B. Palestine was the most holy. 1.2.1. The Turks A. They let pilgrims went across their land but imposed taxes; B. It is possible that the Byzantine Empire would be overrun by the Turks 1.2.2. The Byzantine Empire (c.395- 1453) A. Its emperor needed mercenary soldiers to enlarge his army B. He wrote to Pope Urban II asking for help (1095) C. Hoped to bring the separated Eastern and Western Churches together (in 1054 Great Schism The Christian church separates from Roman Catholic to Eastern Orthodox) 1.3. The motives of the crusaders 1.3.1 Religious Favor A. Religion became increasingly important in people’s daily life; (Only one “church” or “religion” = Roman Catholic Church B. Christians viewed the crusades as acts of religious devotion.
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